简单句(巩固练习)

发布时间:2024-06-16 12:06:01浏览次数:8
【巩固练习】I.单项选择。1.—________ do you make a banana milk shake? —Peel the banana first and blend it with milk.A.What B.When C.How D.Where2.There are two libraries in this city,________?A.aren’t there B.aren’t they C.isn’t it D. is it3.—She doesn’t like geography,does she? —________.A.Yes,she does B.Yes,she doesn’t C.No,she does D. Yes,she is4.________ information he offered us! We all thank him.A.What useful B.What useless C.How useful D.How useless5.John,clean your room,________? A.will you B.shall we C.don’t you D.doesn’t he6.—________ won the 100th gold medal at the Olympics for China? —Zhang Yining.She’s from Beijing.A.Who B.What C.When D.Where7. Our hometown is more beautiful than before.________?A.isn’t it B.is it C.doesn’t it D.does it8.— ________ will the foreign students be back from Xibaipo? —In five days.A.How soon B.How often C.Flow far D.How fast9. ________ weather it is!A. What a fine B. How fine C. What fine D. How fine the10. -_______ day it is! - Let’s go out and have a picnic.A. How cold  B. How nice  C. What a cloudy  D. What a lovely11. I suppose you are not going today, _________?A. are you B. do you C. don’t you D. aren’t you12.-Don’t you often go shopping?- _________. I work very late every day.A. Yes, I do B. No, I don’t  C. Yes, I don’t D. No, I do13.-Linda had nothing for breakfast this morning , ________? -No, she got up too late.A. had she B. hadn’t she C. did she  D. didn’t she14.-_______ is that man over there? -That’s my brother.A. Who B. What  C. Where  D. How15.-______ did you have the party last night? - In the park.A. What B. Why  C. When D. Where16._______ sleep too late. It’s bad for your health. A. Do B. Not C. Don’t D. Isn’t17.________, and you will do well in physics. A. Studying B. Study hard  C. Studies hard D. To study hard18.You bought a new computer last week, ______? A. aren’t you B. don’t you C. didn’t you  D. haven’t you19. _______ it’s blowing outside!A. What heavy B. How heavy  C. How heavily D. What heavily 20. ________ Mrs. Smith is!A. How kind woman  B. What a kind womanC. What kind woman D. How a kind womanII. 按括号内要求完成下列句式。1. The worker's visited the factory already.(改成否定句、一般疑问句) The worker _______ ________ the factory ________. ________ the worker ________ the factory ________? 2. She writes to her parents once a week.(对划线部分提问) _______ ______ ______ she write to her parents? 3. Our P.E teacher has been at this school since he came.(对划线部分提问) ______ ______ ______ our P.E teacher been at this school? 4. Edison built a science lab himself when he was ten. (改为一般疑问句) ______ Edison ______ a science lab himself when he was ten? 5. Those Japanese like Chinese food.(改为一般疑问句) ______ those Japanese ________ Chinese food?6. The twins could swim when they were four, _______ _______? (改为反意疑问句)7. There is little meat in the fridge, _______ _______? (改为反意疑问句)8. Let's fly the kite on the playground, _______ _______?(改为反意疑问句)9. Please turn down the radio a bit, _______ ________?(改为反意疑问句) 10. He had lunch at home. (用 at school 改选择问句) _______ he _______ lunch at home ________ at school? III. 选择 How 或 What(a/an)填空: 1. __________ carefully they are listening to the teacher! 2._________ interesting book he has in his hand! 3._________ badly he hurt himself! 4._________friendly she is to everyone!5._________ good kind girl she is! 6. _________ bad weather! I hope it won’t last long.【答案与解析】I.单项选择。1. C。句意:——你怎样做香蕉奶昔?——先剥去香蕉皮,再与牛奶混合。由答语可知在解释制作的过程,所以要提问方式,用 how。2. A。 句意:在这座城市里有两个图书馆,对吗?there be 句型的反意疑问句仍然是用 there be,但要反意疑问句应该遵循“前肯后否、前否后肯”的原则。3. A。句意:——她不喜欢地理,是吗?——不,她喜欢。本题考查反意疑问句的回答方式:Yes,she does. / No,she doesn’t.符合的选项只有 A 项。4. A。句意:他提供给我们是多么有用的信息啊!我们大家都感激他。句子的中心词是名词information(信息),所以用 what 引导。感激源于信息有用,所以用 useful。useless 是 useful 的反义词,意为“无用处的”。5. A。句意为“John,扫扫你的屋子,行吗?” 这是个祈使句,反意疑问句用 will you。6. A。句意:——在奥运会上谁为中国赢得了第一百块金牌?——张怡宁。她是北京人。由回答可知问题是对人提问的,所以用 who。7. A。句意:我们的家乡比以前漂亮多了,是吗?反意疑问句要遵循“前肯后否,前否后肯以及附加疑问句部分的谓语动词要与前面保持一致”的原则。8. A。 句意:——这些外国学生多久以后能从西柏坡回来?——五天以后。本题考查由 how 构成的疑问词组,how soon 是问多久以后;how often 是问频率;how far 是问多远;how fast 是问速度多快。由 In five days 意为“五天后”可知,应选 how soon。9.C。本题是考查感叹句的用法。在感叹句中如果修饰名词用“what+(不定冠词)+形容词+名词+主语+谓语”结构,weather 是不可数名词,所以不用冠词。 10.D。本题是考查感叹句的用法。在感叹句中如果修饰名词用“what+(不定冠词)+形容词+名词+主语+谓语”结构,从对话后面的回答可以理解是选择 D 比较符合对话的情景。11.A。本题是考查反意疑问句的用法,本句是复合句,在 I think/suppose 的后面附加疑问句的主谓语和宾语从句的主谓语保持一致。从句是否定句,所以后面的附加疑问句用肯定句。12.B。本题是考查否定问句的回答,要根据事实回答。从答语中看出这个人工作忙,不能经常去购物,事实是否定的,用 no 回答,答语前后要一致,所以选择 B。13.C。本题是考查反意疑问句的用法。前面有否定词 nothing,后面的附加疑问句用肯定形式,前面句子的时态是一般过去时,所以后面用助动词 did+主语。14. A。本题是考查特殊疑问词的用法,从下面的回答可以判断上面的句子是用特殊疑问词 who 来询问“是谁”。15. D。本题是考查特殊疑问句的用法,从后面的回答用介词短语表示地点,所以前面的句子是用特殊疑问词 where 询问地点。16. C。本题是考查祈使句的用法,祈使句的否定形式是在句子前面加助动词 don’t,所以选择C。17. B。本题是考查祈使句的用法,从句子的意思理解“努力学习,你就会学好物理。”可以判断是祈使句,所以用动词原形。18. C。本题是考查反意疑问句的用法,前面的句子主语是 you,谓语是 bought,后面的附加疑问句的主语、谓语和前面的句子保持一致,句子的时态是一般过去时,所以用助动词 didn’t。19.C。本题是考查感叹句的用法。修饰动词 blow 用副词 heavily,在感叹句中用“How+形容词/ 副词+主语+谓语”结构,所以选择 C。20.B。本题是考查感叹句的用法。在感叹句中如果修饰可数名词单数用“what+a/an+形容词+名词+主语+谓语”结构,所以选择 B。II. 按括号内要求完成下列句式。1.hasn’t visited ; yet; Has; visited; yet 2. How often does3. How long has 4. Did;build 5. Do;like6.couldn’t they 7. is there 8. shall we9. will you 10. Did;have;orIII. 选择 How 或 What(a/an)填空:1.How 2.What an 3.How 4. How 5. What a 6.What
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