定语从句的用法(巩固练习)

发布时间:2024-06-18 00:06:16浏览次数:11
定语从句的用法【巩固练习】 I.单项选择。1.Mary is a young cook _______ wants to improve school dinners. A.who B.whose C.whom D.which2. Paul’s uncle is the man ________ taught us English last year. A.where B.which C.who D.when3. Is there any student in your class ______ family is in Beijing?A. whose B. which C. that D. who4. He<took<pictures<and<videos<of<many<things<that<people________.A. have<seen<ago B. had<seen<ago<C. have<never<seen<before D. had<never<seen<before5. Is this factory _______ you went to last summer?A. that B. the one C. which D. who6. The number of the students _______ stayed up late last night reached fifty.A. who B. whom C. what D. which7. The teacher _______ we saw yesterday is Mr Wang, a new comer.A./ B. where C. what D. how8. It sounded like a bird _______ was flying over my head.A. who B. how C. what D. which9. We don't know the name of the fish ______ eat people in the river in South America.A. who B. whom C. whose D. which10. On my way home after school yesterday I met a young man ______ I thought was your best friend Tom.A. whom B. what C. which D. who11. Zhang Lili is considered as the most beautiful teacher gave her love to her students in danger. 【2012 江苏扬州】A. who B. that C. whom D. which12. The little boy was wrapping the present ______ would be sent to his teacher. 【2012 呼和浩特】A. who B. / C. what D. that13. Success will belong to those ________never say “impossible”.A. whom B. what C. who D. which14. — What are you looking for? 【2012 山东滨州】— I’m looking for the ring ______my husband bought me last year.A. that B. who C. whom D. it15. This is the primary school ______ I studied three years ago. 【2012 四川宜宾】A. where B. when C. that D. whichII. 用适当的关系代词或关系副词填空。1. The house _____ we live in is very big.2. The boy _____ is playing football is very clever.3. This is the book _____ he gave me for my birthday.4. The man _____ talked to you just now is an engineer.5. He talked about the teachers and schools _____ he had visited.6. There is nothing in the world _____ can frighten him.7. She wears a gold ring, _____ is very uncommon in our class.8. We visited a factory _____ makes toys for children.9. Is this the place _____ your father once lived?10. I’ll never forget the days _____ I joined the League. 【答案与解析】I.单项选择。1. A。句意:Mary 是一位想改善学校餐饮的年轻厨师。本题考查定语从句中的关系代词的用法。先行词cook(厨师)指人,故排除 D;因为先行词在从句中作主语,故选 A。2. C。句意:Paul 的叔叔是去年教我们英语的那个人。本题考查了定语从句中关系代词的用法。先行词为 the man,且在定语从句中作主语,故用关系代词,排除 A、D 两项;先行词指人,排除 B 项。3. A。本题的意思为“你们班有家在北京的学生吗?”从句的先行词为 student, 所填的词应在定语从句中作 family 的定语, whose 指代“那个学生的”,正合题意。 4. D。that 引导的为定语从句,用来修饰它前面的名词,句意为“他拍了一些人们从未看见过的照片和磁带录像。”“从未看见过的”动作发生在“拍照”的动作以前,故应用过去完成时。5. B。句意是“这是你们去年夏天去过的那家工厂吗?”解答该题时,如果不注意分析句子的成分很容易误选。此题的主语是 this factory,you went to last summer 是定语从句。但在主句中缺少表语成分。表语 the one 后省了关系代词 that。引导定语从句的关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时,常可省去。因此 A,C,D不对。6. A。定语从句中缺主语。先行词是 the students,所以关系代词应用 who。7. A。the teacher 是先行词,在定语从句中省略了 saw 的宾语 whom。8.D。定语从句中缺主语。先行词不是指人,故答案 A 不对。B 和 C 均是副词。9. D。the fish 是先行词,应由 which 引导定语从句,故只能选 D。10. D。who 在定语从句中做主语。从句中的 I thought 是个插入语。11. B。由于先行词 teacher 被形容词最高级修饰,所以定语从句的引导词只能用 that。12. D。由于定语从句的先行词是 present,所以引导词只能选 D 答案。13. C。考查定语从句的引导词,因为先行词指的是人,所以引导词选择答案 C。14. A.。定语从句的先行词是物,引导词在定语从句中作宾语,所以选择答案 A。15.A。句意为 “这是我三年前学习的小学”。句中的引导词在定语从句中作地点状语,所以选择答案A。II. 用适当的关系代词或关系副词填空。1. that/ which   2. who/ that   3. that/ which   4. who/ that   5. that 6. that 7. which   8. which/ that 9. where   10. when
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