动词的被动语态 巩固练习

发布时间:2024-05-30 00:05:03浏览次数:3
【巩固练习】I.单项选择。1. —It’s reported that some capsules(胶囊)are really bad for our health. 【2012 湖北宜昌】 —Sounds terrible. Hopefully the problem as soon as possible. A. is solved B. has solved C. was solved D. will be solved2. Many trees and flowers _______ in our city every year. 【2012 湖南常德】A. planted B. are planted C. were planted3. Last year, Shenzhou-8 _______ into the space. It made us proud. 【2012 广西玉林】A. is sent B. was sent C. sends D. sent 4. Thousands of houses _______ by the floods in Guangxi last month. A. destroy B. destroyed C. have destroyed D. were destroyed5.Last year lots of trees _______ to make our country more beautiful. A.is planted B.was planted C.are planted D.were planted6. Another railway station _____ in Changsha in 2011. A. was built B. build C. will be built7. The road ______ last year. A. builds B. built C. was built D. is built8. Last month a new law ________ in China to stop people from smoking in public places. A. is passed B. passes C. had passed D. was passed9. — Can you sing this English song? —Of course, I can. It _______ many times on the radio. A. taught B. has taught C. is taught D. has been taught10. Teenagers ______ to follow the traffic rules. A. should be taught B. should teach C. can be allowed11. —What a clean and bright classroom, isn’t it? — Yes, it’s always clean and bright because it ______ every day. A. cleans B. cleaned C. is cleaned D. was cleaned12. Students are _____ to speak loudly in the reading room. A. told B. supposed C. not supposed D. allowed13. The funny story made all of us _______ for a long time.A. smiled  B. laughed  C. laugh  D. to laugh14. The old man looks very __________.A. worry  B. worrying  C. worried  D. to worry15. —May I watch the football match on TV?—If your homework ________ , you can watch it.A. will do  B. is done  C. has done  D. will be done16. She _______ in the next room just now. She must be there now.A. heard to sing B. was heard to sing C. heard singing D. heard sing17. —My bike is broken?—Why not have it _______?A. repair  B. repaired  C. repairing  D. to repair18. He ______ make faces in class by the teacher yesterday.A. asked not to  B. asked to not  C. was asked not to  D. was asked to not19. Coffee is ready. How nice it ________! Would you like some?A. looks  B. smells  C. sounds  D. feels20. He was made ______ his homework for three hours by his mother.A. doing  B. to do  C. do  D. does21. Oh, the milk ________ strange—do you think it’s OK to drink? A. is tastedZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZB. is tasting C.ZtastesZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZD. tasted22. These books should ________ to the library on time.A. sendZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ B. be returnedC. give backZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZD. be got back23. Could you tell me which ________ best among the books on sale?A. is soldZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZB. sellsZZZZZZZZZZZZZC. are writtenZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZD. writes24. Most international business letters ________ in English.A. is writtenZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZB. are writtenC. is writingZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZD. are writing25. You were noticed ______ the window_______ just now.A. breaking, open  B. to break, open  C. opening, break  D. to be broken, openII.用所给动词的适当形式完成下列句子。1. Do you know that young trees must _______ (water) once a week?2. Some boys ______ (ask) to go fishing with their teacher after class yesterday afternoon, though they didn’t want to.3. My mother enjoys _______ (listen) to some popular songs.4. Would you mind ______ (open) the door for me?5. It is raining hard outside. You had better _______ (stay) at home.6. Why not ______ (go) shopping with me this afternoon?7. Listen! Someone ______ (sing) in your room. Who is it?8. The students _________ (plant) more than two hundred trees so far.9. Your mother ________ (watch) TV when we got to your house.10. We will come and help you if it _______ (be) fine tomorrow.【答案与解析】I.单项选择。1.D。句意为“希望问题能被尽快解决”。所以用一般将来时的被动语态,应选 D。2. B。句意为“每年我们城市要种许多树和花”。物作主语,又是一般现在时,所以要用一般现在时的被动语态。 3. B。句意为“去年神州八号被发送进入太空”。可知用一般过去时的被动语态。4. D。本题是考查动词一般过去时的被动语态。由 last month 可知用一般过去时,Thousands ofhouses 作主语,用被动语态,所以选 D。5. D。本题是考查动词一般过去时的被动语态,主语是 lots of trees,所以选 D。6. C。本题是考查一般将来时的被动语态,有时间 in 2014 可知选 C。7. C。本题考查一般过去时的被动语态,因为 the road 是主语,用被动语态,时间是 last year用一般过去时,所以选 C。8. D。本题考查一般过去时的被动语态,因为 a new law 是主语,用被动语态,last month 用一般过去时,所以选 D。9. D。本题是考查动词现在完成时的被动语态,主语 it 代替 this English song,用被动语态,又知到目前为止已经被教许多次了,用现在完成时,所以选 D。10. A。本题考查情态动词的被动语态,用 should be done 形式,句意为“青少年应该被教遵循交通规则”。11. C。本题考查动词一般现在时的被动语态,因为教室每天被清洁,所以选 C。12. C。本题是考查 be supposed to do 的句式,意为“理应做某事”,这里表示否定,句意为“学生本不应该在阅览室里大声说话”所以选择 C。13. C。在动词 make 的后面用省略 to 的动词不定式即动词原形作宾语补足语,所以选择 C。14. C。本题是考查动词的过去分词的用法,过去分词 worried 在连系动词的后面作表语,相当于形容词,表示“感到担心”,所以选择 C。 15. B。本题是 if 引导的条件状语从句,用一般现在时代替一般将来时,本句的主语 homework 不能执行后面的动作,所以用被动语态。综合考虑选择 B。16. B。本题是考查动词的被动语态的用法,动词短语 hear somebody do something 是用省略 to的动词不定式作宾语补足语,但在被动语态中用带 to 的动词不定式,所以选择 B。17. B。本题是考查动词的非谓语的用法。动词短语 have something +过去分词表示“请别人做……”的意思。所以在这个短语中用过去分词。18. C。本题是考查动词的被动语态的用法,从句子意思判断应用被动语态,动词短语 ask somebody to do something 的被动语态是 be asked to do something,本句的时态是一般过去时,所以选择 C。19. B。本题是考查连系动词的用法,从句子的意思理解是咖啡闻起来很好的意思,所以用连系动词 smell。20. B。本题是考查动词的被动语态的用法。动词短语 make somebody do something 的被动语态是be made to do something,所以选择 B。21. C。此题易误选为 A 或 B。taste 是连系动词,它没有现在进行时或被动语态。正确答案为 C。22. B。考查含有情态动词的被动语态用法。其结构为“情态动词 + be + 过去分词”。23. B。“请告诉我展销的书中哪一种畅销,好吗?”sell 作“销售”解,是不及物动词,不用被动语态。此题易误选 A。又如 Butter sells very dear. 奶油卖得很贵。24. B。本题考查一般现在时的被动语态。25. B。本题是考查动词的被动语态的用法,动词短语 notice somebody do something 的被动语态把省略的 to 还原,而 break the window open 意思是“砸开窗户”,因此排除 D,所以选择 B。II.用所给动词的适当形式完成下列句子。1. be watered 2. were asked 3. listening 4. opening 5. stay6. go 7. is singing 8. have planted 9. was watching 10. is
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