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【巩固练习】I.真题演练。【2012 哈尔滨】根据短文内容选择最佳答案。Everyone has their own dreams. They give us courage(勇气) and confidence to keep us going through difficulties. Here __1__ some advice on how to realize our beautiful dreams. _2_ giving up is the key to making our dreams come true. We may fail from time to time, __3__ we can learn from failure(失败), correct our mistakes and try again until we achieve our goals. For that reason, no matter __4__ difficult problems we meet, we won’t fail unless we give up our hopes. Our life is like a long journey which is not all roses. It sometimes has wind and rain. We believe rainbows(彩虹) will appear after storms. We will realize our dreams __5__ last if we do our best. Cooperation(合作) is also necessary. Everyone likes a person who is good at cooperating with others. Besides, in our society, most problems can’t be __6__ by one person alone. __7__is like a small part of a machine. If one part isn’t __8__, the machine can not workwell. It’s hard for a person who is away from the society to have a deep understanding of the world. Cooperation is becoming one of __9__ ways for people living in the developing society. As a saying goes, “One tree doesn’t make a __10__.” At the same time, we should learn to examine our abilities because it helps us know about our advantages and disadvantages as well as get a full control of ourselves. Then we may be confident enough to face challenges. Follow the suggestions above, and our dreams are sure to come true.1. A. is B. are C. be2. A. Always B. Often C. Never3. A. if B. but C. than 4. A. how B. what C. where5. A. from B. on C. at6. A. solve B. solved C. solving7. A. We B. We each C. Each of us8. A. in time B. in order C. in need 9. A. important B. more important C. the most important10. A. forest B. grass C. field【2012 北京】阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳选项。Several weeks ago, our headmaster, Mr. Gaudi, told us that our school had been chosen to compete on Smart Aleck—a game show which my best friend Carla and I both love. Carla has a good imagination, and I know a lot of history, so we thought we’d be good __1__ for the team.A few days later, Mr. Gaudi held a meeting with everyone interested in the__2__. He told us that Smart Aleck uses a five-member team. He also said that three more people would be needed as backup(替补). Unluckily, four times that many students were at the meeting. So Mr. Gaudi said we would have a __3__ and the top eight scorers would become the team and the backup. Everybody agreed that this was a __4__ way to decide.Yesterday, all of the hopefuls went to the dining hall after school. We would have to decide the starting line-up(阵容). Mr. Gaudi acted as the host. After a couple of hours, all the __5__ on the team were set except one. Carla and I __6__ for that last position. We had to hold a one-on-one competition between the two of us. The winner would be on theteam and the loser would be the backup.Midway through our two-person competition, I was starting to pull ahead. __7__ I saw the look on Carla's face. I waited for a second and knew what I had to do. As much as I wanted to be on Smart Aleck, Carla wanted __8__ even more. So, starting with my next question, I held back and let Carla __9__, just by a little bit. Her expression as she __10__ she would be on the show made up for my not being on the team. And since I will goas backup, I'll still have the fun of seeing the show up close.Was I __11__ by not trying as hard as I could? I don't think so. No one noticed, and Carla and I didn't __12__ it. It won't hurt the team because Carla will be a very good competitor on the real show. I think that making my best friend happy was the right thingto do.1. A. choices B. pairs C. leaders D. fans2. A. course B. work C. trip D. show3. A. direction   B. discussion C. competition D. conversation4. A. special B. hard C. fair D. funny5. A. places B. rules C. names D. orders6. A. tied B. clapped C. cried D. returned7. A. Still B. Never C. Then D. Again8. A. us B. it C. me D. her9. A. wait B. turn C. move D. win10. A. accepted B. realized C. considered D. decided11. A. coming B. refusing C. helping D. cheating12. A. mean B. plan C. regret D. sayII.完形综合。  ADifferent things usually stand for different feelings. Red, for example, is the color of fire, heat, blood and life. People say red is an exciting and active color. They associate(使发生联系) red with a strong feeling like 1 . Red is used for signs of 2 , such as STOP signs and fire engines. Orange is the bright, warm color of 3 in autumn. People say orange is a 4 color. They associate orange with happiness. Yellowis the color of 5 . People say it is a cheerful color. They associate yellow too, withhappiness. Green is the cool color of grass in 6 . People say it is a refreshing color. In general, people 7 two groups of colors: warm colors and cool colors. The warm colors are red, orange and 8 . Where there are warm color and a lot of light, people usually want to be 9 . Those who like to be with 10 like red. The cool colors are 11 and blue. Where are these colors, people are usually worried. Some scientists say that time seems to 12 more slowly in a room with warm colors. They suggest that a warm color is a good 13 for a living room or a 14 . People who are having a rest or are eating do not want time to pass quickly. 15 colors are better forsome offices if the people working there want time to pass quickly.1. A. sadness B. anger C. administration D. smile2. A. roads B. ways C. danger D. places 3. A. land B. leaves C. grass D. mountains4. A. lively B. dark C. noisy D. frightening 5. A. peas B. apples C. bananas D. tomatoes 6. A. summer B. spring C. autumn D. winter 7. A. speak B. say C. talk about D. tell 8. A. green B. yellow C. white D. gray 9. A. calm B. sleepy C. active D. helpful 10. A. the other B. another C. other one D. others 11. A. green B. red C. golden D. yellow 12. A. go round B. go by C. go off D. go along 13. A. one B. way C. fact D. matter 14. A. factory B. classroom C. restaurant D. hospital 15. A. Different B. Cool C. Warm D. AllBCharlie came from a poor village. His parents had 1 money to send him to school when he was young. The boy was very sad. Mr. King lived next to him. He found the boy 2 and had pity on him and lent some money to him. So the boy could go to school. He studiedhard and 3 all his lessons. When he finished middle school, the man introduced him tohis friend in the town. And he began to work.Once Mr. King was seriously hurt in an accident. Dying, he asked Charlie to take care of his daughter, Sharon. The young man 4 and several years later he married the girl. He loved her very much and tried his best to make her happy. He often bought beautiful clothes and delicious food for her. He was good at cooking and he cooked 5 for her. So she became very fat and she felt it difficult to walk. And one day she found there wassomething wrong with her heart. Her husband wasn’t at home and she had to go to 6 atonce. The doctors looked her over and told her 7 eat meat, sugar, chocolate and things like these. She was afraid 8 the doctor’s words and wrote all the names of the food on the paper. When she got home, she put the list on the table and 9 . When she returned home that afternoon, she found many kinds of food: meat, sugar and chocolatein the kitchen. Charlie was busy 10 there. As soon as he saw her, he said happily, “I’ve bought all the food you like, dear!”1. A. no B. some C. much D. enough 2. A. lazy B. clever C. careful D. hard3. A. did well in B. was poor at C. was working D. was good for4. A. was angry B. thought hard C. agreed D. said “No.”5. A. a little B. a few C. many D. a lot6. A. rest B. sleep C. hospital D. work7. A. should B. would C. to D. not to8. A. to remember B. to forget C. to catch D. to teach9. A. slept B. went out C. cooked D. ate10. A. reading B. seeing C. cooking D. writing CMr. Klein told the class that a new student, Inez would join them soon. He   1   that Inez was deaf. She “talked” with others by using sign language. Mr. Klein knew sign language, and he decided to teach   2   students so that they could also “talk” with Inez.  First, they learned to sign the letters. Some letters were hard to   3   . Other letters, such as C, were easier because the shape (形状) of the hand was the same as the shape of the letter.   The   4   thing they learned was finger-spelling. They signed one letter after anotherto spell a word. They   5   with two-letter words such as at and on. Then they spelled   6 words.  Finally, Mr. Klein showed that   7   one sign could be used for a whole word. To make the sign for the word fine, a person spreads out (张开) the fingers on one hand,   8   thethumb (拇趾) to the chest (前胸) , and moves the hand away from the chest. Signing is notjust   9   with the hands. Expressions on the face are also   10   . The students learned to sign a question mark by using expressions on the face.  When Inez first entered the classroom, she looked   11   . But the students signed, “Good morning, Inez.” She gave the class a big smile and signed back, “What a wonderful   12   !”  1. A. hoped     B. said         C. guessed    D. thought  2. A. his      B. my          C. her      D. our  3. A. spell     B. check        C. remember    D. write  4. A. first     B. only         C. last      D. next   5. A. met      B. started       C. agreed     D. helped  6. A. newer     B. easier        C. longer     D. nicer  7. A. never     B. perhaps       C. still     D. just  8. A. joins     B. fixes        C. touches    D. ties  9. A. made      B. done         C. given     D. chosen  10. A. important   B. different      C. difficult   D. strange  11. A. serious     B. surprised      C. frightened   D. nervous  12. A. welcome    B. congratulation    C. progress    D. success【答案与解析】I.真题演练。【2012 哈尔滨】1.A。本题考查主谓一致。advice 是不可数名词,其前谓语动词应用单数形式。故选 A。2. C。本题考查副词辨析。根据下文“correct our mistakes and try again until we achieve our goals.”可知,此处意为“永不放弃是梦想成真的关键”。故选 C。3. B。本题考查连词辨析。根据前句“We may fail from time to time”可知,后半句意为“但是我们可以从失败中获得教训……”,两句之间是转折关系。故选 B。4. B。本题考查连接词辨析。根据“For that reason”可知,此句意为“无论我们遇到多难的问题”,how 和 where 作状语不能修饰名词 problems,故选 B。5. C。本题考查介词辨析。at last 为固定短语,意为“最后,最终”。故选 C。6. B。本题考查动词语态。主语 problems 是动作 solve 的承受者,应用被动语态。所以此空要填solve 的过去分词 solved。7. C。本题考查代词辨析。根据空后的“is”可知,主语是单数形式。故选 C。8. B。本题考查介词短语辨析。in time“及时”,in order“整齐,井然有序”,in need“需要”。根据下文“the machine cannot work well”可知选 B。9. C。本题考查比较级。“one of+最高级+复数名词”意为“最……之一”,符合语境。故选C。10. A。本题考查名词辨析。由主语“One tree”可知,应选 A,此句意为“独木不成林”。【2012 北京】1. A。本题考查名词词义辨析。句意为:对这个队伍来说,我们认为我们是一个好的选择。choice意为“选择”,pair 意为“条,双”,leader 意为“领导者”,fan 意为“迷”。故选 A。2. D。 本题考查名词词义辨析。根据第一段中的“show”可知,此处意为:Gaudi 先生开了一个会,参会人员均是对这次演出感兴趣的人。故选 D。 3.C。本题考查名词词义辨析。根据下一段可知,是用开展竞赛的方式来决定人选的。direction意为“方向”,discussion 意为“讨论”,competition 意为“竞赛”,conversation 意为“交流”。故选 C。4. C。本题考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:每个人都认同这是一个公平决定的方法。fair 意为“公平的”,符合语境。故选 C。5.A。本题考查名词词义辨析。句意为:几小时后,这个队除了一个人没有确定,其他的位置都被确定下来了。place 意为“地方,位置”,符合语境。故选 A。6.A。本题考查动词词义辨析。根据下句“We ha to hold a one-on-one competition between the two of us.”可知,此处意为:最后一个问题 Carla 和我打成了平手。tie 意为“打成平手”,符合语境。故选 A。7.C。本题考查连词词义辨析。句意为:我开始加速,赶在了她前面,我看到她脸上的表情。still 意为“仍然”,never 意为“从不”,then 意为“然后”,again 意为“又、再”。故选 C。8.B。本题考查代词词义辨析。根据语境可知,此处是用“it”代替前面提到的“Smart Aleck”。句意为:……Carla 比我更想要它。故选 B。9.D。本题考查动词词义辨析。根据全文可知,此处意为:我退后让她赢。故选 D。10.B。本题考查动词词义辨析。句意为:她意识到她将去参加演出时,她的表情弥补了我不能进那个队的遗憾。accept 意为“接受”,realize 意为“意识”,consider 意为“考虑”,decide 意为“决定”。故选 B。11.D。本题考查动词词义辨析。根据上段可知,句意为:我没有尽我所能,这是在作弊吗?cheat意为“作弊、欺骗”,符合语境。故选 D。12.B。本题考查动词词义辨析。根据全文可知,Carla 和“我”并没有预谋计划此事。plan 意为“计划”,符合语境。故选 B。II.完形综合。A 篇1.B。根据上文的 strong feeling 可知 anger 最合乎文意。2.C。下文所列举的例子 STOP signs 和 fire engines 都属于危险信号,故选择 danger。3.B。根据常识,黄色应是秋天树叶的颜色,故应选 leaves。4.A。下文提到人们把黄色和幸福联系起来,说明黄色是一个充满生机的颜色,故选 lively。5.C。由常识可知 banana 通常是黄色的。6.B。绿色是春季里草的颜色,故选 spring。7.C。speak 后面往往接某种语言作宾语;say 后面常接说话的内容;tell 的宾语一般是人;talk about 意为“谈论”。8.B。根据上文对 yellow 的解释,说明 yellow 也属于 warm color。9.C。与下文喜欢冷色调的人相对应,再根据上文对各种暖色调的选择,active 合乎文意为正确选项。10.D。others 相当于 other people 意为“别的人”。another 指“另一个”。other one 不可单独使用,the other one 指“另外的一个”。11.A。根据上文提到的 green 应该属于冷色调。12.B。go around 意为“到处走动”;go off 意为“离开,爆炸”;go along 意为“前进,进行”;go by 意为“走过,流逝”。根据文意,应选 go by。13.B。way 根据上文,暖色调的环境下时间似乎过得更慢,说明暖色调是用来装饰居室和饭馆的好方法,故选择 way。14.C。比较四个场所只有饭馆适合使用暖色调。15.B。与暖色调相对立,冷色调适用于办公室,以使人感觉时间过得比较快。B 篇1. A。查理家境贫困,父母没有钱资助他上学,故选 no。2. B。根据下文,查理不负众望,说明他聪明好学,故选 clever。3. A。查理学习刻苦,并顺利完成了学业,说明他各门功课成绩较好,故选 did well in。D 选项介词用错,正确词组为 was good at。 4. C。根据下文查理娶了金先生女儿为妻,并精心呵护她,说明查理同意了金先生的请求,故选agreed。5. D。根据下文妻子胖得不能走路,说明她食物吃得多。此外食物为不可数名词,因此只能用 a lot of 来修饰。6. C。心脏不好,应去医院检查,下文指出为她检查的是医生,故选 hospital。7. D。由于她的病是因营养过剩引起的,医生让她不要吃肉,糖果之类的食物,故选 not to。8. B。她害怕忘了医生的指示,因此将其写在纸上,故选 to forget。9. B。与下文 returen 相对应,这里应填 went out。10. C。擅长烹饪的查理将菜买回之后,肯定要忙着为爱妻做饭,故 cooking 为正确答案。C 篇1.B。句意为“老师说 Inez 是一个聋哑人”,所以选 B,考查宾语从句。 2.A。老师为了让他的学生们迎接一个聋哑学生,所以教他们一些手势语言。因为是男老师,所以选 his。3.C。这里指用手势表示字母,有的字母手势很难记住。所以选 C,remember 意为“记住”。4.D。由上一段中的 first,可知这里选 D,next 意为“接着”,是顺序排列。5.B。start with 是词组,意为“从……开始”,相当于“begin with”。6.C。由上一句可知是两个字母的短单词,这里就是多于两个字母的长单词了,所以选 C。7.D。句意为“Mr. Klein 出示仅用一个手势表示一个单词”,这里 just,意为“仅仅”。8.C。touch 意为“接触”。句意:用拇指接触前胸,再从前胸把手移开。9.B。身体语言不仅用手来做,还可以用面部表情。be done 表示被动,意为“被做”。10.A。句意为:对于身体语言而言,人的面部表情也很重要。important 意为“重要的”。11.D。由句子“When Inez first entered the classroom”,可知 Inez 是第一次进教室,感到很紧张,故选 nervous。12.A。当大家都学着用手势语言,表示欢迎聋哑学生 Inez 时,Inez 笑了,确实是“What a wonderful welcome”。
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