宾语从句的用法(巩固练习)

发布时间:2024-05-30 00:05:03浏览次数:6
宾语从句的用法【巩固练习】 I.单项选择。1.—Do you know ______ the Capital Museum?— Next Friday. A. when will they visit B.when they will visitC. when did they visit D.when they visited2.He wanted to know _______ the English party. A.when will we have B.when we will haveC.when would we have D.when we should have3.I want to know ________. A.when we should arrive at the airport B.when should we arrive at the airport C.when the airport we should arrive atD.when the airport should we arrive at4.—David, look at the man in white over there. Can you tell me ______?—He is a doctor. A.Who is he B.who he is C.what is he D.what he is5. I don’t know when _____.A. will the train leave  B. the train will leaveC. would the train leave D. the train leave6. Do you know what _____ with Jim?A. is wrong  B. wrong is C. wrong was D. the matter is7.-I want to know _____. -Why not go to the park?A. where I can go for a picnic B. where can I go for a picnicC. what I can go for a picnic  D. what can I go for a picnic8. I don’t think he is right, ______?A. do I B. isn’t he  C. is he D. don’t I9. The teacher didn’t say you would come, _____?A. would you B. wouldn’t you  C. did she  D. didn’t you10. Do you know______ daughter she is? A. whose B. whom C. what D. who11. They wondered if the teacher ______them some English songs the next week. A. would teach B. had taught C. will teach D. taught12. He asked me if I knew______. A. whose pen was it B. whose pen it was C. whose pen it is D. whose pen is it13. He told me ______ Paris is the capital of France. A. which B. the C. that D. what14. He asked me ______ during the summer holiday. A. where I had gone B. where I had been C. where had I gone D. where had I been15. I'm not sure whether ______ tomorrow. A. they will arrive B. will they arrive C. they arrive D. they have arrivedII.根据汉语提示,用宾语从句补全下列句子。 1.我不知道为什么她如此着迷 Apple iphone4s。I don’t know _______________ Apple iphone4s. 2.我们给了她一些建议,但不知道她是否会接受。We’ve given her some advice, but I don’t know_______________. 3.作为社会的一员,我们应该尽最大努力做我们应该做的。As society members, we should try our best to do______________.4. ——请你告诉我怎么到中山公园好吗?——好的。你可以坐公交车去那。—Could you tell me______________________?—Yes, you can go there by bus.5. ——汤姆在纽约呢还是已经回家了? ——对不起,我不确信是否他已经回来。—Is Tom still in New York or already back at home?—Sorry,I’m not sure ___________________. 【答案与解析】I.单项选择。1. B。句意:——你知道他们什么时候参观首都博物馆吗?——下周五。本题考查宾语从句。宾语从句应用陈述句语序,故排除 A、C 两项;又由答句可知应该用将来时,故排除 D 项。2. D。 句意:他想知道我们什么时候举办英语联欢会。本题考查宾语从句的用法。当主句是一般过去时态的时候,宾语从句用相应的过去时态,而 A、B 两项都是一般将来时,故被排除;宾语从句用陈述句语序,而 C 项是疑问语序,也被排除。3. A。句意:我想知道我们应该什么时候到达机场。本题考查宾语从句。动词 know 后面接的是宾语从句,由宾语从句要用陈述语序可排除 B 和 D 两项;又因为 C 项中 the airport 的位置不对,故选 A。4. D。 句意:——David,看那边那个穿白衣服的人,你能告诉我他是干什么的吗?——他是医生。本题考查宾语从句。由答句可知询问的是职业,所以用疑问词 what;又因为宾语从句要用陈述句语序,故选 D。5.B。本题是考查宾语从句的语序和时态的用法。特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句用陈述语序,主句是一般现在时,宾语从句根据说话人的意思可以判断是一般将来时。所以选择 B。6.A。本题是考查宾语从句的语序用法。特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句用陈述语序,what 在宾语从句作主语,所以 what is wrong 是陈述语序。同样如果 D 改成 is the matter 也是正确的。7.A。本题是考查宾语从句的语序用法,特殊疑问词 where 引导的宾语从句用陈述语序。从对话的答语可以判断特殊疑问词 where 引导宾语从句。8.C。本题是考查反意疑问句的用法。主句是 I think 和后面的宾语从句构成复合句,其反意疑问句的主语、谓语和宾语从句保持一致,前面的句子是否定句,所以附加疑问句用肯定形式。9.C。本题是考查反意疑问句的用法。复合句的反意疑问句的主语、谓语和主句保持一致,这里主句是The teacher didn’t say,而且是否定句,所以附加疑问句用肯定形式。10. A。 句意为“你知道她是谁的女儿吗?”可知应该用 whose。11. A。 从句的时态原本应该用一般将来时(因为时间状语是 next week),但是由于主句的时态是一般过去时,因此从句的时态应该改为过去将来时,即 would +动词原形。 12. B。 首先通过从句应该是陈述句语序这一点来排除 A 和 D,然后由于主句的时态是过去时,因此从句也要用过去的时态,故选 B。13. C。 本题考查宾语从句的引导词 that,可以省略,在从句中不作任何成分。 14. B。 首先,从句应该用陈述句语序,因此只能考虑 A 或 B。然后根据题目的意思,他问我去了哪里,证明我已经回来的,问的是曾经去了哪里,因此用 been to。15. A。 该题中的 A, C, D 都是陈述句语序,都可以考虑;但是只有 A 符合从句时态的要求,故选 A。II.根据汉语提示,用宾语从句补全下列句子。1. why she is so crazy about2. whether she’ll accept it3. what we should do 4. how I can get to Zhongshan park5. if he has been back
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