主谓一致及倒装(巩固练习)

发布时间:2024-05-29 23:05:54浏览次数:14
【巩固练习】I.单项选择。1. —______ a nice day! — ______.A. How; So is it B. What; So is it C. What; So it is D. How, So it is2. —I have never been to Hawaii. What about Mike? —_______.A. So has he B. So he does C. Neither he has D. Neither has he3. Our class are going to have a picnic tomorrow. If you don’t go, ______.A. so do I B. neither do I C. neither will I D. so will I4.The reading room ______ very quiet. I enjoy reading books there. A.am B.is C.are D.be5.Last Sunday my aunt ______ at home with me.We were watching TV all day. A.was B.were C.is D.are6.—Leo,_________ no milk or eggs in the fridge. —Oh,I’ll go and buy some right away.A.it is B.there is C.there are D. they’re7.—How much _______ the pair of shoes? —Twenty dollars _______ enough. A.is;is B.is;are C.are;is D.are;are8.________ less milk in this bottle than in that one. A.There have B.There has C.There is D.There are9.—I never drink coffee. —________.A.So do I B.So did I C.Neither did I D.Neither do I10.—Tom, I’m watching a football match.What about you?—_________.A.So do I. B.So am I. C.So I do. D.So I am.11. ________ Tom ________ Mary speaks good Chinese,so they can communicate with theseChinese students very well. A.Neither;nor B.Not only;but alsoC.Both;and D.Either;or12. —It’s terribly cold today,isn’t it? —Yes.________ yesterday. A.So it was B.So was it C.So it is D.So is it13.________ the teachers in their school is about 200 and one fourth of them are ________ teachers. A.A number of;women B.A number of;womanC.The number of;women D.The number of;woman15.I am not watching TV,________ is Jim.A.also B.either C.neither D.so14.There ________ a few students in the library after school every day. A.has been B.have been C.is D.are16.Both of the students ________ from England.A.am B.is C.are D.be17.Physics ________ easy for us to learn.A.am B.is C.are D.be18. —______ for you. Happy birthday! —Thank you. A. Your present is here  B. This is a present C. Here is a present  D. A present is this19. — Your father is very strict with you.— _______. He never lets off a single mistake of ours.A. So he is  B. So is he C. He is so D. So does he20. — Here ____!Where is Xiao Liu?-There ____.A. comes the bus;is he B. comes the bus;he isC. the bus comes;is he D. the bus comes;he isII. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。1. Tom and I ____ (be) in the same class.2. The singer and writer _____ (talk) with foreign guests now.3. Fish and chips _____ (be) delicious.4. Either you or I ______(be) mad.5. Neither you nor he _____ (be) right.6. Not only the planets but also the earth _____ (move) round the sun.7. There _____(be) a car and three buses outside.8. Mr. Turner together with his friends _____just _____ (arrive)in Beijing. 9. To read English loud _____ (be) very important.10. Reading _____ (be) is a good way.【答案与解析】I.单项选择。1. C。第一句是感叹句,由 what 修饰名词 a nice day,意为“多好的天!”。答语为“确实是”,无需倒装。2. D。表示前面所说的否定情况也适合于后者时,则用 Neither/Nor+连系动词/情态动词/助动词+另一主语。3. C。表示前面所说的否定情况也适合于后者时,则用 Neither/Nor+连系动词/情态动词/助动词+另一主语,再由 if 引导的是条件状语从句是一般现在时表示将来的意义,主句要用一般将来时。4. B。句意:阅览室十分安静,我喜欢在那儿看书。本题考查主谓一致。因为主语是第三人称单数,故答案为 B 项。5. A。句意:上周日我姑姑和我在家,我们一整天都在看电视。本题考查动词时态及主谓一致。上周日表过去,动词应用过去式,my aunt 是单数,所以 A 为正确答案。6. B。 句意:——Leo,冰箱里没有牛奶和鸡蛋了。——哦,我马上去买一些。本题考查 there be 句型,此句型的谓语动词要遵守“就近原则”,因为 milk 是不可数名词,故 be 动词用单数形式,故答案为 B 项。7. A。句意:——这双鞋多少钱?——20 美元就够了。本题考查主谓一致。第一句话的主语为 the pair of shoes,谓语动词应与 pair 的形式保持一致;时间、长度、金钱等作主语时,通常看作一个整体,故第二句中谓语动词用 is。8. C。 句意:这个瓶里的牛奶比那个瓶里的少。本题考查 there be 句型。there have 形式不对,排除 A 和 B 项;又因为 milk 为不可数名词,be 动词应用 is,故选 C 项。9. D。句意:——我从不喝咖啡。——我也是。本题考查倒装句。前面一种否定的情况也适合于另外的人或物,用“neither + be 动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”倒装结构表示。故选 D 项。10. B。 句意:——Tom,我正在看足球比赛。你呢?——我也是。此题考查 so 的倒装句。“so+助动词/情态动词/ be 动词+主语”表示“……也一样”;“so+主语+助动词/情态动词/be 动词”表示“……的确如此”。11. B。 句意:不仅 Tom 而且 Mary 汉语也讲得好,所以他们能和这些中国学生很好地交流。neither…nor 既不……也不;not only…but also 不仅……而且;both…and 两者都;either…or 或者……或者。根据句意和动词 speaks,可知 B 项为最佳答案。12. B。 句意:——今天太冷了,不是吗?——是的,昨天也很冷。由过去时态可知应排除 C 和 D 项;A 表示“昨天的确很冷”,由句意可知此处应该表示情况和上述一样,故选 B 项。13. C。 句意:他们学校教师的数量大约是 200 人,并且有四分之一是女教师。a number of 意为“许多的,大量的”;the number of 意为“……的数量”,由句意可排除 A、B 两项。又因为 woman修饰复数名词时,本身也要变成复数,故选 C。14. D。句意:每天放学后图书馆里有一些学生。there be 句式中 be 的形式由其后的名词的单复数决定。本题空格后 many students 是复数,再根据 every day 所以用 are。15. C。句意:我没在看电视,Jim 也没看。“neither+助动词/be 动词/情态动词+主语”表示前边的否定情况也适合后边的人的否定。16. C。 句意:这两个学生都来自英国。“both of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。17. B。句意:物理对我们来说很容易。以-ics 结尾的学科名称,不应受词尾-s 的影响,谓语动词需要用单数形式。18. C。本题考查倒装句和交际用语,给别人送生日礼物时说“Here is a present for you.”,所以选 C。19. A。本题考查 so+主语+谓语动词,表示“确实是这样”,句意是“你爸爸对你要求严格。”,“是的,他确实是这样。”,所以选 A。20. B。本题考查倒装句和交际用语。以 here 和 there 开头的句子如果主语是名词用倒装句,而主语是代词则不倒装,所以选 B。II. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。1. are 2. is talking 3. is 4. am 5. is 6. moves 7. is 8. has arrived 9. is 10. is
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