状语从句的用法(巩固练习)

发布时间:2024-05-30 00:05:25浏览次数:14
状语从句的用法【巩固练习】 I.单项选择。1.Tom will call me as soon as he ______ home. A.gets B.has got C.got D.will get2.We won’t start the meeting _______ our teacher arrives. A.though B.until C.while D.or 3.We will have no water to drink ________ we don’t protect the earth. A.until B.before C though D.if4.Jane, please turn off the lights ______ you leave the classroom. A.after B.before C.until D.but5. While she TV in the sitting room, the bell . A. watches, rings B. is watching, rang C. was watching, rang D. watched, was ringing6. She was busy, she couldn't go to your birthday party last night. A. so B. and C. or D. but7. Don't cross the road the light turns green. A. when B. while C. until D. as8. She will find him a kind man when she more about him. A. knows B. know C. will know D. is going to know9. It is ten years I left my hometown. A. since B. if C. whether D. until10. I was cooking he was reading a book. A. after B. while C. because D. but11. She worked quietly that no one knew she was there. A. so, as B. so, that C. too, to D. very, that12. I to bed last night until my father came back. A. went B. didn't go C. had gone D. would go13. I him since we met last in 1981.A. don't see B. didn't see C. won't see D. haven't seen14. We won’t give up ______________we should fail ten times. A. even if B. since C. whether D. until15. The volleyball match will be put off if it _______________.A. will rain B. rains C. rained D. is rainingII.根据汉语提示,完成下列句子。1. 虽然他贫穷,但至少他诚实。_______he is poor, he is _______honest. 2.即使明天天气不好,约翰还想去。_______ the weather is bad tomorrow, John __________ go. 3. 不要要我解释,除非你真得不懂。 Don’t ask me _____________ you really don't understand.4. 快点!否则你就错过火车了。{{{{Hurry up, _______ you _________the train.5. 自从我 1990 年搬家到这,就住在这个城市里。We ________in this city __________ I moved here in 1990.6.你决定当你长大时想干什么了吗?Have you decided ________you want to be _______ you grow up?7. 不要着急,我得到信息就给你打电话。________, I’ll phone you_________ I get the news. 8. 昨天直到警察来,那个醉汉才离开车站。The drunk man _______the station _______ the police came yesterday.【答案与解析】I.单项选择。1. A。句意为“Tom 一到家就会给我打电话的”。本题考查时问状语从句。主句为一般将来时,assoon as 引导的是时间状语从句要用一般现在时,故答案为 A 项。2. B。句意为“直到老师到了我们才会开始开会”。本题考查连词的用法。not... until... 意为“直到……才……”。3. D。句意为“如果我们不保护地球,我们将没有水喝”。until 直到……;before 在……之前;though 尽管,虽然;if 如果。四个选项中 D 符合句意。4. B。句意为“Jane,离开教室前请关灯”。after 在……之后;before 在……之前;until 直到;but 但是。根据句意应选 B。5. C。本题是由 while 引导的状语从句,强调的是 “正在看电视时,门铃响了”,所以从句用过去进行时,主句用一般过去时。答案为 C。6. A。前面一句是说明理由“她很忙”,才产生后面的结果“不能参加你的生日晚会。”答案是A。7. C。如果主句用否定形式,从句用肯定形式,表示“直到……才……”,并且主句的谓语动词为非延续行动词(如:leave,start,come,see,go to bed 等),表示这一动作直到某时才开始发生,故选择 C。8. A。在时间、条件状语从句中,用一般现在时表将来意义。9. A。在英语里,有一些非延续性的动词,他们只是一瞬间就结束的动作,如:come,go,arrive,reach,see,hear,close,leave,begin,start,lose,buy,fall,join,die,get up 等,用 It is… since…的句型来表达目前存在的一种状态。故正确答案为 A。10. B。由 while 引导的从句表示某个动作还在进行的同时,另一个动作也在进行之中。故正确答案为 B。11. B。so…that…意为“如此……以至于……”,表示结果,故正确答案为 B。12. B。在 not…until…句式中,意为“直到……才……”,句意为“直到爸爸回来,我才上床睡觉”。13. D。由 since 引导的一般过去时从句,可知主句要用现在完成时。句意为“自从 1989 年我们最后一次相见,就没有再相见过”。14. A。句意为“即使我们失败十次,我们都不会放弃在”。even if 意为“即使”引导让步状语从句。15. B。考查 if 引导的条件状语从句。如果主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时表示将来的意义。II.根据汉语提示,完成下列句子。1. Although / Though;at least2. Even though / Even if, will want to3. to explain unless4. or, will miss5. have lived,since6. what, when7. Don't worry, as soon as8. didn't leave, until
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