副词的用法(基础知识)

发布时间:2024-05-30 22:05:48浏览次数:3
  副词的用法【真题再现】1.—Please drive ______ when you pass a school. 【2012 山东济南】 —OK. A. nearly B. early C. slowly D. really2.—Have you ever been to Disneyland? 【2012 山东济南】 —No, ______. I hope I can go there next year. A. always B. sometimes C. never D. often3. Mike hurt his back seriously and can_____ get out of bed without help. 【2012 安徽省】A. quickly B. easily C. nearly D. hardly4. His grandparents live ____ in a small house, but they don’t feel _____. 【2012 贵州安顺】A. lonely; alone B. alone; lonely C. lonely; lonely D. alone; alone5. The 3D Titanic is a moving film. My parents have seen it twice_______.【2012 湖北黄石】A. yet B. already C. never D. almost 6. —How is Susan? —Oh, she lives abroad, so I ever see her. 【2012 江苏南京】 A. hardly B. greatly C. clearly D. nearly7. Don’t talk to anyone about the bad news — not my mother. 【2012 江苏盐城】A. hardly B. usually C. especially D. simply8. Laptops are smaller and lighter so that they can be carried very _______.【2012 辽宁大连】 A. clearly B. regularly C. easily D. carefully【答案与解析】1.C。考查副词辨析。nearly“几乎”;early“早的”;slowly“慢地”;really“真正地”。句意“当经过学校时,请开慢一点。”故选 C。2.C。考查频度副词辨析。 always“一直,总是”;sometimes“有时”;never“从不”;often“经常”。句意“—你曾经去过迪斯尼乐园吗?-不,从没去过。我希望明年去那里”。故选 C。3. D。考查副词辨析。句意为“麦克后背伤得很严重,没有帮助几乎不能从床上起来”。4. B。lonely 意为“孤独的”,alone 意为“单独的”。根据句意应该选 B。5. B。由句意“我的父母亲已经看过两次了”,可知是表示肯定的,所以选“already”。6. A。hardly 意为“几乎不”,根据句意“她住在国外,所以我几乎不曾见过她”。7. C。句意为“关于这个坏消息不要和任何人说,尤其是不要和我妈妈说”。especially 意为“尤其”。8. C。句意为“笔记本电脑又小又轻以便容易携带”,easily 意为“容易地”。【用法讲解】考试要求:副词的中考要求是:副词的分类和基本用法,副词的比较级和最高级;某些特殊变化的副词的比较级和最高级(well-better-best 等);副词的同级比较(as/ so ... as...的用法)及副词在句中的位置。知识总结:1.副词的分类1)时间副词:ago, already, before, ever, early, late, just, now, once, soon, still, then 等2)地点副词:straight, upstairs, downstairs, above, along, around, outside, inside, behind,here,there 等3)方式副词: safely, quietly, quickly, politely, loudly, luckily, happily, easily, carefully, slowly, suddenly 等4)程度副词:very, only, quite, almost, even, a little, enough, rather, a lot, badly, nearly, further, widely 等5)频度副词:never, sometimes, usually, often, always 等6)疑问副词:when,where,why,how, how long,how soon,how often,how far 等7)关系副词:whom,where,why 等2.副词的用法1)修饰动词作状语  He walked quietly into his bedroom. 他安静地走进他的卧室。2)修饰形容词作状语  You have a very nice watch. 你有一块非常好看的手表。3)作表语,位于系动词后  How long will she be away? 她要离开多久?4)作定语  The people there love peace. 那儿的人们热爱和平。3.副词的位置1) 多数副词都可以放在动词的后面,如果动词带有宾语,副词就放在宾语后面。 I get up early in the morning everyday. 我每天早早起床。 I have seen this film twice with my friends. 这部电影我和朋友看过两次。 2) 副词修饰形容词、副词时,副词在前面,而被修饰的词在后面。 It's rather easy, I can do it. 这很容易,我能做到。 He did it quite well. 他做得相当好。 3) 频度副词可放在实义动词的前面,情态动词和助动词的后面。 I often help him these days. 这些日子我经常帮助他。 You mustn't always help me. 你不必一直帮助我。 4) 疑问副词以及修饰整个句子的副词,通常放在句子的前面。 When do you study every day? 你每天什么时间学习? First, let me ask you some questions. 先让我来问几个问题。 5) 时间副词和地点副词在一个句中, 地点副词在前面时间副词在后面。 We went shopping in the supermarket at 9 o'clock yesterday. 昨天九点钟我们到超市买东西了. What were you doing in the classroom yesterday afternoon? 昨天下午你在教室里干什么? 6)否定副词在句首,句子要倒装。 Never have I felt so excited!4.副词的比较级及最高级的变化规则规则变化:1) 单音节词直接在其后面加-er/-est。例如: hard-harder-hardest2) 以字母 e 结尾的单音节词在其后面直接加-r/-st。例如:wide-wider-widest3) 以辅音字母+y 结尾的双音节词,先把 y 改为 i,再加-er/-est。例如:early-earlier-earliest4) 部分双音节词和大部分多音节的词,在前面加 more 和 most。例如:slowly—more slowly—most slowlycarefully-more carefully-most carefully 不规则变化:well-better-best much-more-most little-less-least  far-farther-farthest  badly-worse-worst 5.副词的比较级的其他用法1) 在同级比较的结构 as/ so+原级+as...的前面可用 just,almost,nearly 和 half 等表示程度。例如:He doesn’t study half so hard as you. 他学习努力的程度不如你的一半。 The wind blew more and more strongly. 风吹得越来越猛了。2) 比较级前面可以用 much,far,a little,a bit,a lot 等词修饰,表示程度。We will come back a little later. 我们会稍迟一点回来。3) 两个副词的比较级可以叠加表示“越来越”的意思。其结构可以是:比较级+and+比较级,而多音节词可以用 more and more+比较级结构。例如:He works harder and harder. 他工作的越来越努力。Your sister becomes more and more beautiful. 你的妹妹变得越来越漂亮了。4) 如果表示“越……,就越……”可以用“the+比较级……,the+比较级……”的结构。例如:The harder you works, the more you will get. 你越努力学习,你得到的就越多。5) 当比较的双方属于同一范围内时候,用 other 或 else 排除自己,因为自己不能和自己比较。例如:The girl sings better than any other girl in her class. 那个女孩比她们班其他女孩都唱得好。如果比较的双方不属于同一范围内时候,则不存在和自己比较的情况,所以可以不用 other 或者else。例如:The boy in our class came to school earlier than any students in that class. 我们班的那个男孩比那个班的任何学生到校早。
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