西电《英语(一)(下)》期末考试一答案

发布时间:2024-01-04 10:01:45浏览次数:9
学习中心/函授站 姓 名 学 号 西安电子科技大学网络与继续教育学院学年上学期《英语(一)(下)》期末考试试题(闭卷 90 分钟)题号Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ总分题分10 30 20 20 20得分注:将所有试题答到答题纸上,选择题把所选字母涂黑,否则无效。.Ⅰ 交际与对话(每题 3 分,共 15 分)此部分共有 5 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。1. — ________.— I have a burning stomachache.A. Have you had your lunch? B. What’s the trouble? C. What are you doing? D. How happy you are!答案:B解析:英语医生询问病人用语。2. — Could you post the letter for me, please? — _________________ A. With pleasure. B. No, I couldn’t第 1 页 (共 11 页) 36. I know nothing about that girl ______the fact that she lives next door.A. apart from B. apart C. except D. expect答案:A解析:表示“除了…没有”。 37. His speech ______ the importance of attracting industry to the town. A. being emphasized B. emphasizedC. was emphasized D. to emphasize答案:B解析:用主动态动词。 38. If you ______ that novel last night, you wouldn't be sleepy now. A. haven't read B. didn't readC. hadn't read D. wouldn't have read答案:C解析:虚拟语气,从句部分用过去完成时。 39. The school started ______ three hundred pupils; now the number isdoubled. A. from B. with C. off D. out答案:A解析:表示一开始。 40. If you had told her the truth, she ______, but she is now still in the dark. A. will not be angry B. would not be angryC. had not been angry D. would not have been angry答案:B解析:虚拟语气,主句部分表示现在。 .Ⅳ 英汉互译(每题 4 分,共 20 分)41. You must rely on your own efforts to realize your dream.答案: 你必须依靠自己的努力去实现你的梦想。42. Although my brother knew many people, he had few intimate friends.答案:虽然我兄弟认识很多人,但亲密的朋友却很少。43. 你应该和员工保持良好关系。( maintain )答案: You should maintain friendly relations with your employees.44.男人绝不能为了事业忽视家庭。(neglect)答案:A man should never neglect his family for career.45.上中学的时候,他沉迷于网络游戏。( be addicted to)答案:When he was at middle school, he was addicted to online games.第 10 页 (共 11 页) .Ⅴ 作文(20 分)要求在 30 分钟内 ,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于 80 词的短文。On Computers1. 计算机在人们生活中的作用;2. 有些人过分依赖计算机;3. 怎样用好计算机;答案:略第 11 页 (共 11 页) C. Yes, I could. D. Not at all. 答案:A解析:请求别人帮忙,人家会说“很乐意”。英语习惯表达法。3. — Would you like to order now? —_________________ A. I’m full now. B. Thank you. It’s very kind of you. C. But the price is high. D. Yes, I’d like soup and the fish.答案:D解析:服务员要求客人点菜。4. —I’d like to book a flight to Shanghai, please. —_________________ A. Yes, sir, single or return? B. Do you mind if I said no? C. No, of course not. D. You can’t. We are busy.答案:A 解析:预订航班,所以问单程票抑或来回票。5. — Could I use your computer tonight? — _________________. I’m not using it right now. A. I don’t know. B. Who cares? C. It doesn’t matter. D. Sure, go ahead. 答案:D 解析:表示同意。.Ⅱ 阅读理解(每题 2 分,共 30 分)此部分共有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 个问题。请从每个问题后的A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。Passage 1Last week I visited one of my neighborhoods in Washington D.C.. I had notbeen there for 20 years and as I walked along the street, my mind was floodedby memories of the past. I saw the old apartment building where I had lived andthe playground where I had played. As I viewed these once familiarsurroundings, images of myself as a child there came to mind. However, what Isaw and what I remembered were not the same. I sadly realized that the bestmemories are those left untouched.My old apartment building, as I remember, was bright and alive. It was morethan just a place to live. It was a movie house, a space station, or whatever my第 2 页 (共 11 页) young mind could imagine. I would steal away with my friends and play in thebasement. This was always exciting because it was so cool and dark, and therewere so many things there to hide among. There was a small river un the backof the building. We would go there to lie in the shade of trees and enjoyourselves.However, what I saw there was completely different. The apartment buildingwas now in disrepair. What was once more than a place to live looked hardlyworth living in. The windows were all broken. The once clean walls werecovered with dirty marks. The river was hardly recognizable. The water waspolluted and the trees and flowers were all dead. The once sweet smelling rivernow smelled terrible. It was really heartbreaking to see all this.I do not regret having seen my old neighborhood. However, I do not thinkmy innocent childhood memories can ever be the same. I suppose it is truewhen they say, “You can never go home again.”6. In the first two paragraphs of the passage the writer tries to tell us that____. A. he had lived in Washing D.C. for 20 years B. he was very imaginative when he was a child C. he had had fond memories of his old neighborhood D. he had come from a very poor neighborhood答案:C解析:前两段帮忙此意。7. The writer, as a child, was very fond of playing in the basementbecause_____. A. it was bright and alive B. it contained a movie house and a space station C. it was ideal for playing hide-and-seek D. it was surrounded by trees and flowers答案:C解析:第二段表明此意。8. How did the writer feel when he visited his old neighborhood in WashingtonD.C.? A. Greatly surprised. B. Very regretful. C. Quite excited D. Very sad 答案:D解析:全文的主题就是作者故地重游后的遗憾和悲伤。9. On his visit to his hometown, the writer found the old apartment第 3 页 (共 11 页) building_____. A. seemed unfit to live in B. had been repaired C. could hardly be recognized D .looked dirty and smelled horrible答案:A解析:第 3 段表明此意。10. “You can never go home again” in the passage means that____. A. one should never revisit his hometown after many years of absence B. one will never find his hometown the same as it was in his childhoodmemory C. a visit to one’s hometown will bring back one’s fond memories of home D. a visit to one’s hometown will bring back many sad memories答案:B解析:文章最后一句表明了主题,即原汁原味的故乡只是个梦想。 Passage 2 On the night of December 8,1992, when he was standing in a parking lottalking to friends, Tracy Marsh jumped to the top of a car, as he had done ahundred times before. This time, though, he lost his balance. His head struckthe ground hard.All night, Cory, Tracy’s mother, stood next to her son, who was lying in thehospital bed, his brown eyes fixed in a lifeless stare. She remembered thatTracy once mentioned organ donation. Maybe I can spare another family thispain, she thought. When the time came, she and her husband Bill signed theforms permitting his organs to be donated. Tracy was declared dead the next day. 24 hours later, in a Boston hospital,Tracy’s liver was made part of my husband, David, who was suffering from ahopeless liver disease. Months later, we learned from the local organ bank that the donor’s parentswished desperately to meet someone who had gained life through the gift fromtheir son. A meeting was arranged by the organ bank to bring together twofamilies linked by the most bittersweet ties imaginable. The meeting was risky, but worth it. We talked for 3 hours. They showed us apicture of Tracy. We learned for the first time how he had lived and died. Welearned something about Bill and Cory too. For the Marshes, seeing David and knowing he was well seemed to ease their第 4 页 (共 11 页) suffering. I’ll never forget seeing David’s tall figure stooped over Cory, herarms around his waist, as a mother would hug a son. For a long time they heldeach other tight. It was hard to know if she was saying hello or good-by. Maybeshe was saying both.11. We learn from the passage that Tracy died_____. A. on December 8,1992 B. of brain damage C. 24 hours after he fell off the roof of a car D. in a car crash答案:B解析:第一段表明了死因,即头撞伤而死。12. Tracy’s parents decided to donate Tracy’s organs because____. A. Tracy told them to do so just before he died B. they wanted to save others the pain of seeing a dear one die C. David’s life could continue in a meaningful way D. they knew that David was suffering from a hopeless disease答案:B解析:第二段表明此意。 13. The meeting between the writer’s family and Tracy’s parents was arrangedbecause_____. A. the writer and her husband wished to express their thanks to Tracy’sparents B. the local organ bank wanted to see how both families felt about thedonation C. Tracy’s parents wanted to see someone whose life had been saved by thedonation D. the two families were linked by the most bittersweet ties imaginable答案:C解析:第 4 段表明此意。14. The writer and her husband learned how Tracy died____. A. from his parents B. from the organ bankC. from the hospital D. from the doctor who performed the operation答案:A解析:第 5 段表明此意。15. The meeting between the two families helped to ease the Marshes’ sufferingbecause____. A. they saw that David looked very much like there son第 5 页 (共 11 页) B. they saw that David had regained health with Tracy’s liver C. they now had someone to share their memories of Tracy D. they now knew for sure they had done the right thing答案:B解析:最后一段表明此意。 Passage 3Overhead bridges are found in many parts of Beijing, especially in places where traffic is very heavy and crossing the road is dangerous.The purpose of these bridges is to enable pedestrians (行人) to cross roads safely. Overhead bridges are used to very much the same way as zebra crossings. They are more efficient (效率高的) although less convenient because people have to climb up a long flight of steps. This is inconvenient especially to older people. When pedestrians use an overhead bridge, they do not hold up traffic. However, when they cross a busy road using a zebra crossing, traffic is held up. This is why the government has built many overhead bridges to help pedestrians and to keep traffic moving at the same time.The government of Beijing has spent a large amount of money on building these bridges. For their own safety, pedestrians should be encouraged to use them instead of risking (冒…危险) their lives by dashing across the road. Old people , however , may find it a little difficult climbing up and down the steps, but it is still much safer than walking across the road with all the danger of moving traffic.Overhead bridges serve a very useful purpose. Pedestrians, both old and young, should make it a habit to use them. This will prevent unnecessary accidents and loss of life.16. What is the advantage of overhead bridges mentioned in this passage?A. Taller trucks can pass under them.B. Pedestrians can climb up and have a view of the city.C. They are safer for pedestrians and can keep traffic moving at the same time.D. They are easier and more convenient for the pedestrians.答案:C解析:第一段表明此意。17. Why were overhead bridges built in Beijing?A. Because they prevent traffic from being held up.第 6 页 (共 11 页) B. Because they provide an easy way for the drivers to cross the road.C. Because they save money for the government.D. Because they save time for the pedestrians.答案:A 解析:第二段表明此意。 18. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?A. Overhead bridges are found in every part of Beijing.B. Overhead bridges are only found in the centre of Beijing.C. Overhead bridges are found in many parts of big cities in China.D. Overhead bridges are found in places where traffic is heavy.答案:D解析:第 2-3 段均表明此意19. The underlined words a zebra crossing probably mean ________.A. a safe place across a road for pedestrians to walk across the roadB. a wild animal from Africa that looks like a horse with broad dark brown and white stripes on its bodyC. a safe place across a road for zebras to walk across the roadD. a safe place across a road for children to play a game答案:A 解析:即斑马线。20. What is the writer’s attitude towards overhead bridges?A. It is inconvenient to older people to walk across the road.B. It is much safer for pedestrians though climbing up and down the steps may be a little difficult,C. An overhead bridge is more beautiful than a zebra crossing.D. To build overhead bridges is the business of the government.答案:B解析:本文主题,最后两段表明了。 Ⅲ. 词汇与结构(每题 1 分,共 20 分)此部分共有 20 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。21. A good ________ is the first step to a good job. A. education B. unit C. text D. subject答案:A解析:根据上下文,应该是“教育”符合逻辑。 22. College education provides more ________ for a bright future. 第 7 页 (共 11 页) A. lessons B. courses C. opportunities D. subjects答案:C 解析:“机会”更符合上下文。 23. Women, who cannot ______ to buy new clothing, waste hours of their time changing the dresses they have.A. spend B. cost C. offer D. afford答案:D 解析:固定结构,afford to do 意思是买得起。24. Black holes are actually filled with a lot of material. They are very _____.A. thin B. black C. heavy D. dense答案:D 解析:根据科学原理和常识,应该是“浓厚”符合逻辑。25. Many different types of self-help books advise the reader to ______ theskills, goals, and attitudes that will both promote success and provide for ahealthy lifestyle.A. develop B. developed C. being develop D. developing答案:A 解析:固定搭配,advise sb to do。26. Now, after ______ 1,600 university students, researchers at HarvardUniversity in Boston, Massachusetts, have found out what contributed bothto their academic success and their feeling of satisfaction.A. being interviewing B. interview C. interviewed D. interviewing答案:D 解析:此处介词后用现在分词。27. The purpose of these changes is to ______ students to continue talkingabout their classes over dinner. A. encouraged B. encouraging C. having encouraged D. encourage 答案:D解析:必须用不定式。 28. The young army officer was ______ to (the rank of) captain. A. having promoted B. to be promoted C. promoted D. to promote答案:C解析:被动态,意思是“提拔”。 第 8 页 (共 11 页) 29. This advertising campaign has contributed significantly ______ the successof the new car. A. for B. to C. on D. in答案:B解析:固定搭配。 30. With longer working hours, David decided to ______ his resignation (辞呈)even though the pay was good. A. hand in B. hand out C. hand over D. hand on答案:A 解析:根据上下文,应该用“呈递”。 31. We will meet at nine tomorrow morning at the school gate. Be _______, orthe school bus will leave without those who are late. A. quick B. sure C. punctual D. careful答案:C解析:根据上下文,应该用“准时”。 32. The workers in the factory hope that, at the meeting which is ______ to beheld next week, an agreement can be reached between their representativesand their boss over increasing wages and improving working conditions. A. due B. near C. final D. close答案:A解析:形容词固定搭配,意思是“按计划”。 33. As Kate's close friend, I introduce an interesting book to her in order to______ her from what she is worrying about. A. attract B. distract C. direct D. prevent答案:B解析:一是得出搭配,二是意思要求。 34. After a long period of training, the athletes _________ the sports games tobe held next week. A. are paid for B. are called for C. are cared for D. are prepared for答案:D 解析:一是固定搭配,二是意思要求。 35. Walking is a ________ form of exercise the old man can do to recover fromhis operation.A. stress B. moderate C. intensive D. modern答案:B 解析:用形容词,二是意思要求。 第 9 页 (共 11 页)
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