非谓语动词 巩固练习

发布时间:2024-06-16 12:06:02浏览次数:10
【巩固练习】I.单项选择。1.— How about going hiking this weekend?— Sorry. I prefer ______ rather than ______.A.to stay at home;go out B.to go out;stay at homeC.staying at home;go out D.going out;stay at home2.— Could you tell me how to improve spoken English?— Well, just take every chance to practice ______ and don’t be shy.A.speak B.to speak C.speaking D.spoke3. He pretended ______ me when he walked by.A.not see B.not to see C.don't see D.to not see4.Listen! There must be someone ______ through the jungle.A.trek B.treking C.trekking D. to trek5.She writes slowly so she has trouble ______ notes in class.A.taken B.taking C.to take D. took6.My English teacher is easy ______ so we all like her.A.to get along with B. get along withC.to get along D. getting along with7. Peter is busy ________ at school,but he never forgets ________ exercise every day. A.working;doing B.working;to do C.at work;doing8.I saw a UFO ________ on the square in my dream. A.to drop B.1and C.wear D.to fly9.Tom’s mother asked him ________ some washing after dinner. A.to do B.does C.do D.did10.—Do you like playing the piano? —Yes,but I don’t know ________ play it well. A.what B.how C.what to D.how to11. He made some toys ________ his little son. A.please B.to please C.pleasing D.pleased12.Teenagers should not ______.A.allowed to drive B.be allow to drivingC.be allowed driving D.be allowed to drive13.I’m very ______ and I really need an ______ vacation.A.tired, exciting B.tired, excitedC.tiring, exciting D.tiring, excited14.He's very good at English. He spends most of his free time ______ new words.A.remember B.rememberingC.remembers D.remembered15.— When are you leaving for the concert?— I'm not sure. I haven't finished ______ the dishes.A.do B.to do C.doing D.done16.— Why did you buy a radio?— ______ English.A.Learn B.Learning C.To learn D.Be learning17.The best way to learn English is ______ you ______ in an English-speaking environment.A.let; live B.to let; to liveC.letting; living D.to let, live 18.The boy is often seen ______ play basketball after school.A.play B.to play C.to playing D.playedII. 用所给动词的适当形式填空。1. Jenny saw a wallet ______(lie)on the ground.2. The heavy snow stopped them from______(go)out for a walk the day before yesterday.3. Don’t you hear someone ______(sing) in the next room?4. The little girl really feels like_______(eat)eggs.5. Keep ______(try).You are sure to get a good result.6. Lily finished ______(read) the book yesterday.7. Mr Lee made us ______(laugh)8. —The children should be told _____(not break) the traffic rules.—That’s right.9. He found it hard ____(catch) up with his classmates ,because all his classmates worked very hard.10. This is the best way _____(work) out this problem.【答案与解析】I.单项选择。1. A。考查句型 prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.,表示“宁愿……,而不愿……”。句子的意思是 “—这个周末去远足怎么样?—很抱歉,我宁愿呆在家里也不愿意出去”。2. C。practice 的意思是“练习”,其后接动名词形式作宾语,不能接不定式,所以答案为 C 项。3. B。pretend 的意思是“假装”,其后接不定式作宾语,由此可以排除 A 和 C,其否定形式为pretend not to do sth.,所以答案为 B 项。句子的意思是“当他走过我的身旁时,他假装没有看见我”。4. C。分析句子结构可知,该空要使用现在分词作定语,trek 的现在分词形式是 trekking,所以答案为 C 项。5. B。此题考查结构 have trouble doing sth.,表示“做某事有困难”,答案为 B 项。6. A。be easy to do sth.表示“做某事是容易的”,注意 get along with 中的介词 with 不可省,所以答案为 A 项。7.B。 句意:彼得在学校忙于工作,但他每天从不忘记做锻炼。be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事;forget to do sth.忘记做某事(事情还未做)。 8.B。 句意:在梦里,我看见一个不明飞行物在广场上着陆。see sb. /sth. do sth.看见某人/某物做某事;land 意为“着陆”。 9.A。 句意:汤姆的妈妈让他晚饭后洗碗。ask sb. to do sth. (动词不定式作宾语补足语)让某人做某事。故选 A。 10.D。 句意为“——你喜欢弹钢琴吗?——是的,但我不知道怎样才能弹好它”。由句子结构可知,it 作 play 的宾语,所以不能用 what。此处考查“特殊疑问词+不定式”,故选 D。11.B。 句意:他制作了一些玩具来讨好他年幼的儿子。这里应该用带 to 的动词不定式来作目的状语。正确答案为 B。12. D。此题考查句型 allow sb. to do sth.,表示“允许某人做某事”,此处使用的是被动语态。句子的意思是“青少年不应该被允许驾车”。13. A。tiring “累人的;令人疲倦的,麻烦的;无聊的”,常用来形容物;tired“疲倦的,厌倦的,厌烦的”,常用来形容人。由此可知第一空使用 tired。excited 意思是“兴奋的,激动的”,多用来修饰人;exciting 意思是“使人兴奋的,刺激的,令人惊心动魄的,极其有趣的”,修饰物。由此可知答案为 A 项。14. B。此题考查结构 spend some time (in) doing sth.,表示“花费时间做事某”,所以答案为 B 项。15. C。finish 动词,意为“完成”,其后接动名词作宾语,所以答案为 C 项。16. C。上句的意思是“你为什么买收音机?”答案为 C 项,不定式表示目的,也就是说,买收音机的目的是学习英语。 17. D。 let sb. do sth.表示“让某人做某事”,由此可以排除 B 和 C;第一空所填词要作表语,可以使用不定式,但不能使用动词,所以 D 项正确。18. B。在短语 see sb. do sth.(看见某人做某事)中,动词 see 后跟不带 to 的不定式作宾补,改为被动语态时要加上 to。所以答案为 B 项。II. 用所给动词的适当形式填空。1. lying 2.going 3.singing 4.eating 5.trying6. reading 7.laugh 8.not to break 9.to catch 10.to work
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