发布时间:2023-10-20 23:10:44浏览次数:14
真题二第一部分:交际用语(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)此部分共有 5 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从 A、B、C、D四个选项中选出正确选项。 1. -- Why not join us in the game? -- ______ A. Ok. I’m coming. B. You do the same. C. That’s alright. D. Don’t mention it.2. -- I didn’t mean to do that. Please forgive me. -- ________ A. Not too bad. B. That’s all right. C. It’s a pleasure D. Thank you3. -- Wow. That’s a marvelous room. I’ve never known you’re so artistic! -- _______ A. Great, I am very art-conscious B. Don’t mention it C. Thank you for your compliments D. It’s fine4. Thank you for your help_______________.A. It doesn’t matterB. You’re welcomeC. You’re kindD. I don’t think so5. _______________Thank you.A. CongratulationsB. Congratulation C. CongratulateD. To congratulate第二部分:阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分)此部分共有 2 篇短文,第一篇短文后有 5 个问题。请从每个问题后的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。第二篇短文后有 5 个正、误判断题,请选择 T 或 F. Passage OneMy friend’s grandfather came to America from Eastern Europe. After being processed (移民入境检查)at Ellis Island, he went into a cafeteria in Lower Manhattan to get something to eat. He satdown at a table and waited for someone to take his order. But nobody came to him. Later a womanwith a plate full of food sat down opposite him and told him how a cafeteria worked.“Start out at the end,” she said. “Just go along the line and pick out what you want. At the otherend he’ll tell you how much you have to pay.”“I soon learned that’s how everything works in America,” the grandfather told my friend. “Life islike a cafeteria here. You can get anything you want only if you are willing to pay the money. You caneven get success, but you’ll never get it if you wait for someone to bring it to you. You have to get upand get it yourself.”6. Where do you think the old man came from?A. Poland. B. Australia. C. Canada. D. Japan.7. From the passage, we know if you want to get success in America, you should _________.A. get help from your friends B. try to get it by yourselfC. know how a cafeteria works D. get up again if you fail8. Which of the following is TRUE?A. The old man sat down opposite the woman so that she could take his order.B. The old woman sat down opposite the old man so that she could serve him.C. Although the woman didn’t know the old man, she told him how to get something to eat in thecafeteria.D. Although the woman didn’t know the old man, she decided to pay the bill for him.9. What does the word “it” in the third paragraph refer to?A. The food served in the cafeteria. B. The success one wants to get.C. The bill one has to pay in the cafeteria. D. The plate used in the cafeteria.10. Which is the best title for the passage?A. From Eastern Europe to America B. Eating in an American CafeteriaC. How to Eat in a Cafeteria D. Life Is Like a Cafeteria in AmericaPassage Two Martin Luther King was a black minister, who became a great leader of the civil rights movementin the 1950s and 1960s.King was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. When he was young, he was stronglyinfluenced by Thoreau and Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi’s idea of non-violent resistance. Havingreceived a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) from Boston University, he became a political and religiousleader of the non-violent civil relights movement in 1955. On August 28, 1963, he led over 250,000Americans on a march in Washington D.C. to fight for the Civil Rights Law to guarantee equality forall people, and delivered his best known speech “I Have a Dream” before the Lincoln Memorial. The“dream” is a dream of brotherly love and equality for the Black and White. Thus, he was awarded theNoble Prize for peace in 1964, but he was murdered four years later. Though he died, he was greatly respected and loved by the Americans, both the white and theblack. By vote of Congress in 1968, the third Monday of every January is now a federal holiday inLuther King’s honor. He lives in people’s hearts forever.11. Martin Luther King was murdered when he was 39 years old. A:T B:F12. Martin Luther King was a black minister only. A:T B:F13. Martin Luther King’s day has been a federal holiday for more than 40 years. A:T B:F14. The underlined word “delivered” in the second paragraph could be replaced by“gave”.A:T B:F15.The best title for this passage is “Civil Rights Law”. A:T B:F第三部分:词汇与结构(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)此部分共有 5 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从 A、B、C、D四个选项中选出正确选项。16. The girl is ______ of a film star. A. somebody B. something C. anybody D. anyone17. Our manager will look into the matter as soon as possible. Just have a little ____ A. wait B. time C. patience D. rest18. ____ there any good news in today’s newspaper? A. Are B. Is C. Have D. Has19. You don’t mind _______ you Xiao Li, do you? A. call B. to call C. to calling D. calling 20. Hardly ____ on stage _____ the audience started cheering? A. he had come/ than B. he had come/ when C. had he come/when D. had he come/than第四部分:完型填空(共 5 个空;每个空 2 分,满分 15 分) Mike always loves ships. When he was younger, he said,” I’m going go into the army.” But his eyeswere not very 21 , and he did not get in. Then he said, “I’m going to buy a small boat, and I’m going to around the world.” But boats22 very expensive and Mike did not have much money. But last summer Mike found a swimming club near 23 house .The lessons did not cost verymuch, and Mike began going to the club at every end of the week and having lessons .Now he is agood swimmer.Last week a little boy said to him, “you’re very good swimmer. How do you learn to swim 24 ?”“I’m not good at all.” Mike said and he smiled, “I’m in the water and I say to myself, there aredangerous fishes in this area! Then I’m very 25 , and I swim quickly.”21.A.so fast B. Afraid C. were D. his E. good 22.A.so fast B. Afraid C. were D. his E. good 23.A.so fast B. Afraid C. were D. his E. good 24.A.so fast B. Afraid C. were D. his E. good 25.A.so fast B. Afraid C. were D. his E. good 第五部分:英译汉 (满分 30 分)请把下列 6 句英文翻译成中文。26. As is known to all, China is a developing country. 27. As soon as he got home on Fridays, his wife made him give her all this money. 28. Bob was such a hardworking man that he always worked late till night. 29. Excuse me. Where's the nearest police station? 30. Can you answer a question which I want to ask and which is puzzling me? 31. Don’t you see it was just for fun? You got it all wrong. 第六部分:写作(满分 10 分)Instruction: 建议你在 30 分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于 80词的短文。The Chinese New Year (中国新年)1. 简单介绍中国新年即春节; 2. 你最喜欢的新年庆祝活动 答案与解析:第一部分:交际用语(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)1-5 CBCBA1 答案:C译文:---何不加入我们一起玩游戏?----好吧。解析:考查回应邀请的题目。B,D 答非所问。A 选项则累赘,只用 OK 便可。2 答案:B译文:---我不是有意那么做的,请原谅。---没事的。解析:考查回应道歉的题目。只有 B 项是回答道歉;C 是回答致谢的,D 项本身为致谢,A 项不符合题意。3 答案:C译文:----哇!这房间太棒了。我从来都不知道你这么有艺术。---谢谢你的夸奖解析:考查回应嘉奖的题目。西方国家对于他人的嘉奖褒扬,一般会以谢意。选 C。4 答案:B译文:---谢谢你的帮忙。---不客气。解析:考查回应谢意的题目。A 项回应道歉,B 项回答致谢的。5 答案:A译文:----祝贺你! ---谢谢!解析:考查回应祝贺的题目。一句 congratulations , 表达祝贺的常用句。第二部分:阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分)Passage1: 6-10 ABCBD6 答案:A,波兰题目译文:你认为那位老人来自哪里?解析:细节题,第一段第一句 My friend’s grandfather came to America from Eastern Europe.可知:老人来自东欧。7 答案:B,自己努力获得 题目译文:从文章可知,如果你想在美国获得成功,你应该---解析:细节题,最后两句 You can even get success, but you’ll never get it if you wait for someoneto bring it to you. You have to get up and get it yourself. 可知。8 答案:C, 虽然那女人不认识那位老人,但她告诉了老人如何在自助餐厅点餐。题目译文:下面叙述哪项是正确的?解析:细节题,根据上下文可知。9 答案:B,想要取得的成功题目译文:第三段中 it 指代什么解析:细节题,it 常指代其前面或后面出现的名词。10 答案:D, 生活就像是美国的自助餐厅题目译文:文章最好的题目是?解析:主旨题,文章通过描写来自东欧的老人就餐于美国自助餐厅的故事,折射出人生就像自助餐厅一样,所有一切都要自己来获得。Passage2: 11-15 ABAAB11 答案:A题目译文:马丁路德金在他 39 岁的时候被谋杀了。解析:从文章可知:马丁路德金出生于 1929 年,在 1968 年被刺杀。12 答案:B题目译文:马丁路德金只是一个黑人牧师。解析:文章第一段 Martin Luther King was a black minister, who became a great leader of the civilrights movement in the 1950s and 1960s.可知:他不仅是一位黑人牧师,还是一位伟大的民权运动领袖。13 答案:A题目译文:马丁路德金的纪念日被作为联邦假日已经有 40 多年的历史。解析:文章最后 By vote of Congress in 1968, the third Monday of every January is now a federalholiday in Luther King’s honor.可知。14 答案:A题目译文:第二段画线单词 delivered 可以被改为 gave.解析:deliver a speech = give a speech 发表演说15 答案:B 题目译文:这篇文章的最佳标题是《民权法》。解析:主旨题,文章围绕马丁路德金的生平事迹展开,争取民法权只是他事迹的一部分。犯了以偏概全的错误。译文:马丁路德金是一个黑人牧师,并成为了 20 世纪 50 年代和 60 年代的民权运功的伟大领袖。金 1929 年 1 月 15 日出生于佐治亚州的亚特兰大,当他年轻的时候,他受到索罗的思想和印度领导者的甘地的非暴力抵抗的思想的强烈影响。从波士顿大学接受过博士的学习,他于1955 年成为一个非暴力组织人和宗教领袖。1963 年 8 月 28 日,他带领超过 25 万美国人在华盛顿游行,以争取民权法,以保证所有的人平等,并在林肯纪念堂前发表他最有名的演说“我有一个梦想”。“梦想”是一个黑色和白色的皮肤能友爱和平等的梦想。因此,他在 1964 年荣获诺贝尔和平奖,但四年后他被谋杀了。虽然去世了,但他很受人们的尊敬好爱戴,无论是美国白人和黑人。国会投票通过, 1968年,每年一月第三个星期一是马丁路德金纪念日,作为联邦假日。他永远活在人们的心中。第三部分:词汇与结构(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)16-20 BCBDC16 答案:B题目译文:这个女孩有点儿像电影明星。解析:something 有“有点儿,大约,非常”的意思。17 答案:C题目译文:我们经理会尽快调查此事件的,请有点耐心。解析:have a little patience 有点耐心,A 项为等待,B 为有时间,D 为稍微休息下。18 答案:B题目译文:今天的报纸中有好消息吗?解析:there be 句型的主谓一致问题依据 be 词后面名词的单复性而定。19 答案:D题目译文:你不介意我叫你“小李”,对吗?解析:mind doing 介意做某事。20 答案:C题目译文:他刚一上台,观众就开始欢呼。 解析:hardly/scarcely have+done, when…刚…就… 第四部分:完型填空(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)21-25 ECDAB21 答案:E解析:由前面的 be 词和 very 可知:空格处缺少形容词。22 答案:C解析:主语 boats 和表语 very expensive 之间缺少系动词,只能选 C23 答案:D解析:空格处缺少修饰名词 house 的词。只能选表达所有关系的物主代词 his。24 答案:A解析:空格处缺少修饰动词 swim 的副词状语。25 答案:B解析:be +very +Adj ,选 B。译文:迈克一直都喜欢轮船。当他年轻的时候,他说:“我将来要参军”。但是她的眼睛不是很好,所以他没有如愿。后来他说,“我将会买一条小船,然后坐着小船去周游世界。”但是船都很贵,而迈克没有很多钱。但是在去年夏天迈克发现他家附近有一个游泳俱乐部。课程不需要花费很多钱,迈克开始每个周末都去俱乐部上游泳课。现在他是一个厉害的游泳健将。上周一个小男孩问他:“你是一个优秀的游泳健将。你是怎么学得能游如此之快?”“我游得一点也不好。”迈克笑着说道,“我在水中的时候,我告诉自己,这个地区有危险的鱼类 。然后我就很害怕,游得就很快了。第五部分:英译汉 (满分 30 分)26 众所周知,中国是一个发展中国家。 As is known to all 每个人都知道,众所周知; developing countries 发展中国家,developedcountries 发达国家27 星期五他一回到家,他的妻子就叫他交出所有的钱。 As soon as 引导时间状语从句,一….就… 28 鲍勃是个勤奋的人,他总是工作到深夜。 Such + a+adj+noun+that 从句 如此…以至于…29 劳驾,离这儿最近的派出所在哪里? Excuse me 用于句首表达“打扰,不好意思”,后接自己的问题。30 我有个问题弄不懂,想请教你,你能回答吗?31 你没看出那不过是开开玩笑吗?你完全误解了。 Be +just for fun 只是玩笑;get sth wrong 误解某事。第六部分:写作(满分 10 分)参考范文:The Chinese New Year (中国新年) “New Year” is a time for good cheer. In China men and women, boys and girls, all look forward to ahappy year. It is time for rest and refreshment. Business is suspended for a time. Young fellows layaside their school work and give themselves up to merriment and joy. Each family has its memberstogether for reunion. Friends call on one another. Public places are filled with all kinds of cheerfulpeople. Children with lucky money in their new clothes have a delightful time playing games. TheChinese New Year lasts about a fortnight. It gives sufficient recreation to people.
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