西电《英语(二)(上)》期末测试4答案

发布时间:2023-12-31 09:12:46浏览次数:8
学习中心/函授站 姓 名 学 号 西安电子科技大学网络与继续教育学院学年上学期《英语(二)(上)》期末考试试题(闭卷 90 分钟)题号Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ Ⅵ总分题分10 30 10 10 20 20得分注:将所有试题答到答题纸上,选择题把所选字母涂黑,否则无效。I. 交际与对话(每题 2 分,共 10 分)此部分共有 5 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未 完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。1. — ?—Yes, can you tell me where I can find women’s wear?A. Do you want to buy somethingB. Excuse me, what are you doingC. Are you just looking aroundD. Is there anything I can do for you答案:D解析:服务员问顾客要买什么,符合上下文。 2. — What do you do for a living?— .A. I live in the city B. I live in the countrysideC. I’m a shoemaker D. I do a lot of things第 1 页 (共 9 页) 答案:C解析:询问职业。 3. —What do you do for fun? —___________.A. Jogging B. sleeping C. eating D. living答案:A解析:“散步”符合上下文。 4. —Have you heard about the chess match? —_________A. I like chess very much. B. I like match very much.C. Not yet, anything special? D. I like chess match .答案:C解析:问是否听说了象棋比赛,该答案符合上下文。5. —My computer broke down yesterday. I’m wondering where I can get it repaired. —___________A. Bad luck! B. Lucky you are! C. What seems to be the problem? D. You can buy a new one.答案:C解析:问计算机具体出了什么毛病。该答案符合上下文。.Ⅱ 阅读理解(每题 2 分,共 30 分)此部分共有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 个问题。请从每个问题后的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。Passage 1How often one hears children wishing they were grown up, and old people wishing theywere young again. Each age has its pleasures and its pains, and the happiest person is the onewho enjoys what each age gives him without wasting his time in useless regrets.Youth is a time when there are few tasks to make life difficult. If a child has good parents, heis fed, looked after and loved whatever he may do. It is impossible that he will ever again in hislife be given so much without having to do anything in return. In addition, life is alwayspresenting new things to the child—things that have lost their interest for older people becausethey are too well-known. But a child has his pain: he is not so free to do what he wished to do;he is continually being told not to do things, or being punished what he has done wrong.When the young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay forhis food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably. If he spendsmost of his time playing about in the way that he used to as a child, he will go hungry. And ifhe breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to prison.If, however, he works hard, keeps out of trouble and has good health, he can have the greathappiness of building up for himself his own position in society.第 2 页 (共 9 页) 6. People can experience happiness if they_____.A. always think of past and regret it B. value the present C. are no longer young D. become old and have much experience答案:B解析:第一段表明此意。7. When people were young, they used to _____.A. be in charge of many businessesB. have few things to think about and take onC. look after their younger sisters and brothersD. face a lot of difficulties答案:B解析:第二段第一句话表明此意。8. The pains of children lie in the fact that_____.A. no one help them make right decisionsB. they are often beaten by their parentsC. they cannot be accepted and praised by othersD. they can not allowed to do what they like to do答案:D解析:第二段最后一句话表明此意。9. Children are usually happy because_____.A. old people lose interest in themB. they are free to do wrongC. they are familiar with everything going on around themD. things are new to them答案:D解析:第二段中间表明此意。10. Which of the following is NOT needed for a young man to be happy?A. Hard work. B. Being free from troubles. C. Wealth. D. Health答案:C解析:只有“财富”没有提到。Passage 2When John and Victoria Falls arrived in New York City for one-year stay, they did notbring very many things with them. They had planned either to live in a furnished apartment orto buy used furniture. But they soon learned about a new system that more and more people areusing. The renting of home furnishings (bed, tables, dishes, and so on) has become one ofAmerica’s fastest growing businesses. What kinds of people rent their home furnishings instead of buying them? People who are第 3 页 (共 9 页) international business or government officials, foreign students, airline workers, young marriedcouples — people whose job or business may force them to move frequently from one city toanother. They save a lot of trouble and the cost of moving their furniture each time. Theysimply rent new furniture when they reach their new homes. Young people with little money donot want to buy cheap furniture that they may soon dislike. They prefer to wait until they haveenough money to buy furniture they really like. Meanwhile, they find they can rent betterquality furniture than they could afford to buy. One family, who now have a large, beautiful home of their own, liked their rented furnitureso much that they decided to keep renting it instead of buying new things. But usually peopledon’t like to tell others about it. The idea of renting home furnishings is still quite new, andthey are not sure what their neighbors might think. 11. Which of the following has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses? A. Selling home furnishings. B. Renting furnished apartments. C. Selling used furniture. D. Renting home furnishings.答案:D解析:第一段表明此意。12. Why do some people prefer to rent furniture? A. Because the furniture they get in this way is new. B. Because it saves them a lot of money. C. Because it saves them much trouble and money. D. Because they can always get better quality furniture in this way.答案:C解析:第二段表明此意。13. What can you infer from the passage? A. The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable. B. Renting furniture is not popular with the majority of Americans. C. Only those who don’t have enough money rent furniture. D. People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented.答案:B解析:从全文可以推测出来,一少部分人租旧家具。14. Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage? A. Rent or Buy? B. A New Way of Getting Home Furnishings. C. Furnished Apartments. D. A New Idea.答案:B解析:该选项全面击中要害。15. Young people like renting home furniture in that_________ A. They have less money.第 4 页 (共 9 页) B. They don’t want to buy old furniture. C. The new furniture is of good quality.D. They don’t have much money and don’t want to buy the cheap furniture.答案:D解析:第二段最后一句表明此意。Passage 3For more than eight years Achim and I have lived aboard our sail boat Pangaea. Becausewe are linked to the wider world by a radio modem, our location has become irrelevant when itcomes to keeping in touch, making us part of a new breed of world travelers: tech-nomads. Some traditional sailors avoid the use of communications technology on board. “If you’regoing to be so tied to civilization,” they ask, “why leave it at all?” But I’m not a hermit.Connectivity has yet to make a romantic South Seas sunset less special to us. Going wireless was an evolutionary process. In 1993, before our first Atlantic crossing, hightech meant rowing to land with our laptop computer and finding Europe’s southernmosttelephone booth in the Canary Islands to send a fax. Locals on the island of Hierro stuck theirnoses into the telephone booth, wide-eyed, watching us perform our electronic magic. By 1998we could remain at our chart table while sending and receiving e-mail. That same year, we tookthe link a step further and created the first radio-updated Website, Pangaea. When I transmit our daily location update via e-mail to our friends and family members, Iimagine them sinking pins in wall maps all over the world. If they stopped hearing from us,they would forward our last position to search-and-rescue authorities. During our first “wired”voyage, Pangaea had some engine trouble, and we had to make a choice between Haiti, Cubaand Jamaica for an emergency repair. Readers, who were “virtually” on board with us, offeredadvice regarding repair facilities. The Internet serves as an emotional lifeline when we are far away from land. The connectionwe feel with family, friends and other Web-site readers helps keep up our spirits and makes theadventure more manageable, We look forward to the day when we can share more of the farreaches of this wonderful planet with anyone who cares to sail with us virtually.16. We can infer from the second paragraph that some traditional sailors ____. A. lack communications technology to keep in touch with the outside world B. avoid the use of communications tools in order to get away from civilization C. think they will get lost because they don’t have communications technology on board D. feel it less romantic if they use communications technology on board答案:B解析:从第二段可以推测出来。17. What does the author mean by saying “Connectivity has yet to make a romantic SouthSeas sunset less special to us” (Line3,Para 2)? A. Being linked to the outside world does not make our adventure less romantic.第 5 页 (共 9 页) B. Being linked to the outside world, we feel less romantic watching the sunset on the SouthSeas. C. Being connected with the outside world helps to make our journey more romantic. D. Connectivity saves us the trouble of going to the South Seas to enjoy a romantic sunset.答案:D解析:从上下文中理解出来。18. How does the author now keep in touch with friends when at sea? A. By making telephone calls from time to time. B. By sending and receiving e-mail on board their boat. C. By sending faxes with their laptop computer. D. By creating a radio-updated Website on the Internet.答案:B解析:第三段表明此意。19. What did the author and her husband do when Pangaea had some engine trouble? A. They went to Haiti, Cuba and Jamaica for emergency repairs. B. They sought advice from their friends and relatives at home. C. They read advice offered on the Internet about repair facilities. D. They appealed to search-and-rescue authorities for help.答案:D解析:第四段表明此意。20. We can infer from the passage that ____. A. the Internet makes it more romantic to travel to the far reaches of the earth B. the Internet makes it unnecessary for family and friends to gather together C. easy access to the Internet will get more people interested in sea voyages D. we can virtually share in sea voyagers’ experiences in the far corners of the world答案:C解析:从最后一段可以推测出来。. Ⅲ 词汇与结构(每题 1 分,共 10 分)此部分共有 10 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。21. Five minutes earlier, _______ we could have caught the last train.A. and B. but C. or D. if答案:A解析:虚拟语气而且是固定搭配结构。22. I an interesting news item in yesterday’s Times.A. came across B. camp up C. came to D. came over答案:A解析:固定搭配,“遇见”也符合上下文。第 6 页 (共 9 页) 23. Did you see the guy ________ head looked like a big potato?A. who B. which C. whom D. whose答案:D解析:用形容词性关系代词。 24. What is the flight ________ to Shanghai?A. fee B. money C. fare D. cost答案:C解析:飞机票固定说法。25. some officials, Napoleon inspected his army. A. Followed B. Followed by C. Being followed D. Having been followed答案:B解析:过去分词短语作时间状语,一般式即可。26. Anybody will do, _______ he is responsible for that. A. as far as B. so far as C. as long as D. as soon as答案:C解析:连词“只要”符合上下文。27. The field was used by horses from the riding school that is _____ the farm.A. attaching to B. attached with C. attach with D. attached to答案:D解析:固定搭配而且要用被动态。28. It’s worth _____ to your financial advisor before making your final decision.A. to talk B. talking C. talk D. talked答案:B解析:固定搭配,用现在分词。29. The computer system _________ suddenly while he was searching for information on theInternet.A. broke down B. broke out C. broke up D. broke in答案:A解析:固定搭配,“出毛病”符合上下文。30. How can he _________ if he is not _________?A. listen; hearing B. hear; listeningC. be listening; heard D. be hearing; listened to答案:B解析:该答案既符合英语语法又符合上下文。Ⅳ.完形填空(每题 1 分,共 10 分)以下短文中共包含 10 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分有 4 个选项,请从第 7 页 (共 9 页) A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。Robert Edwards was blinded in a traffic accident. He was also a little deaf 31 old age.Last week, he was taking a walk near his home when a thunderstorm came. He hid 32 thestorm under a big tree and was struck by lightning. He was knocked 33 the ground andwoke up some 20 minutes 34 , lying face down in water below a tree. He went into the houseand lay down in bed. A short time later, he awoke; his legs felt 35 and he was trembling,but, when he opened his eyes, he could see the clock across the room fading in and out infront of him. When his wife entered, he 36 her for the first time in nine years. Doctors 37that he had regained his sight and hearing obviously from the flash of lightning, but they wereunable to explain that. The only 38 explanation offered by one doctor was that, 39Edwards lost his sight as a result of trauma(创伤) in a terrible accident, perhaps the only wayit could be restored was by 40 trauma.31. A. because B. because of C. as D. since答案:B解析:用介词表示原因。32. A. from B. away C. against D. contrary答案:A解析:该介词有“躲避”意思。33. A. at B. in C. to D. on答案:D解析:固定搭配。34. A. late B. soon C. later D. after答案:C解析:多长时间之后,符合上下文。35. A. dying B. dead C. die D. being died 答案:B解析:形容词作表语。36. A. saw B. watched C. noticed D. examined答案:A解析:用“看见”符合情景。37. A. say B. thought over C. made sure D. agreed to答案:C解析:固定结构,又符合情景。38. A. possibly B. possible C. probably D. mainly答案:B解析:形容词修饰名词。39. A. although B. because of C. even though D. since答案:D解析:要用连词表示原因。第 8 页 (共 9 页) 40. A. others B. other C. another D. one other答案:C解析:“另一个”符合情景。Ⅴ.英汉互译(每题 4 分,共 20 分) 41. It would be nice to spend our holiday on the sandy beach. 答案:在沙滩上度过我们的假期会是很惬意的事情。 42. When it’s hot, it’s better to quench your thirst with water than with soft drinks. 答案:天热的时候用水解渴比用软饮料解渴要好。 43. 在印度,牛被看作是神圣的动物。(sacred) 答案:In India, cows are considered as sacred animals. 44. 听到那个坏消息,老太太深深地叹了一口气。(sigh) 答案:The old woman gave a deep sigh on hearing the bad news. 45. 房间里如此安静,以至于我可以听见自己的心跳声。(heartbeat) 答案:It’s so quiet in the room that I could hear my own heartbeat.Ⅵ. 作文(20 分)要求在 30 分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于 100 词的短文。Check on Population Growth in China1.中国的人口现状 2.控制人口过分增长的必要性 3.控制人口增长有哪些措施答案:略第 9 页 (共 9 页)
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