西电《英语(一)(上)》期末考试一答案

发布时间:2023-12-29 09:12:54浏览次数:16
学习中心/函授站 姓 名 学 号 西安电子科技大学网络与继续教育学院学年上学期《英语(一)(上)》期末考试试题(闭卷 90 分钟)题号Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ总分题分10 30 20 20 20得分注:将所有试题答到答题纸上,选择题把所选字母涂黑,否则无效。I. 交际与对话(每题 3 分,共 15 分)此部分共有 5 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未 完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。1. Man: Wow, what a great dream you have!Woman: __________.A. Good B. Nice C. Sure D. Thank you答案:D解析:英美习惯。别人祝贺你应感谢。2. Man: What’s your favorite sport?Woman: __________.A. I like singing B. I like bikesC. I am a tennis fan D. Swimming pool答案:C解析:所问为喜欢何种体育运动。3. Man: May I visit your hometown?第 1 页 (共 9 页) Woman: __________.A. No problem B. It’s near C. It’s far D. It’s there答案:A解析:所问为能否访问参观你的故乡,应答应表示欢迎。4. Man: What do you usually do online?Woman: __________.A. I often walk B. I often send emails C. I sometimes drink wine D. I sometimes dress myself答案:B解析:问在网上通常干啥,只能发伊妹儿。5. Man: May I open the present?Woman: __________.A. No. B. By all means C. No way D. You can’t答案:B解析:英美习惯,送礼常当面打开。By all means 此处意为“可以”。II. 阅读理解(每题 2 分,共 30 分)此部分共有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 个问题。请从每个问题后的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。Passage 1The advantages and disadvantages of a large population have long been a subject ofdiscussion among economists. It has been argued that the supply of good land is limited. Tofeed a large population, inferior land must be cultivated and the good land worked intensively.Thus, each person produces less and this means a lower average income than could be obtainedwith a smaller population. Other economists have argued that a large population gives morescope for specialization and the development of facilities such as ports, roads and railways,which are not likely to be built unless there is a big demand to justify them.One of the difficulties in carrying out a worldwide birth control program lies in the fact thatofficial attitudes to population growth vary from country to country depending on the level ofindustrial development and the availability of food and raw materials. In a developing countrywhere a vastly expanded population is pressing hard upon the limits of food, space and naturalresources, it will be the first concern of government to place a limit on the birthrate, whateverthe consequences may be. In a highly industrialized society the problem may be more complex.A decreasing birthrate may lead to unemployment because it results in a declining market formanufactured goods. When the pressure of population on housing declines, prices also declineand the building industry is weakened. Faced with considerations such as these, thegovernment of a developed country may well prefer to see a slowly increasing population,rather than one which is stable or in decline.6. A large population may mean _________.第 2 页 (共 9 页) A. higher productivity, but a lower average incomeB. lower productivity, but a higher average incomeC. higher productivity and a higher average incomeD. lower productivity and a lower average income答案:D解析:反方观点,人口过多导致生产低下收入减少,第一段意思。7. A large population may offer more scope for the development of _________. A. economy B. transportationC. extensive cultivation D. Agriculture答案:B解析:正方观点,人口多提供发展更多交通设施。第一段意思。8. In highly industrialized countries, unemployment may result from _________. A. a decreasing birthrate B. an increasing birthrateC. a stable birthrate D. a birth control program答案:A解析:在发达国家失业看由出生率低造成。第二段意思。9. What may the government of a developed country prefer?A. A rapidly increasing population.B. A rapidly decreasing population.C. A slowly increasing population.D. A slowly decreasing population.答案:C解析:末段最后一句的意思。10. Why is it difficult to carry out a worldwide birth control program? A. Because it will do harm to the national economy in most countries.B. Because it will lead to complex social problems in developing countries.C. Because people are unwilling to practice birth control. D. Because different governments have different opinions.答案:D解析:末段第一句意思。Passage 2The evidence for harmony may not be obvious in some families. But it seems that four outof five young people now get on with their parents ,which is the opposite of the popularly-held image (形象) of unhappy teenagers locked in their room after endless family quarrels.An important new study into teenage attitudes surprisingly shows that their family life ismore harmonious than it had ever been in the past. “We were surprised by just how positive (肯定 的 ) today’s young people seem to be about their families , ” said one member of theresearch team. “They’re expected to be rebellious (叛逆的) and selfish but actually they have第 3 页 (共 9 页) other things on their minds: they want a car and material goods, and they worry about whetherschool is serving them well. There’s more negotiation (商议) and discussion between parentsand children ,and children expect to take part in the family decision-making process. Theydon’t want to rock the boat (捣乱).”So it seems that this generation of parents is much more likely than parents of 30 years agoto treat their children as friends. “My parents are happy to discuss things with me and willing tolisten to me,” says 17-year-old Daniel Lazall. “I always tell them when I‘m going out clubbing.As long as they know what I’m doing , they’re fine with me.” Susan Crome, who is now21 , agrees. “Looking back on the last 10 years , there was a lot of what you could callnegotiation. For example , as long as I’d done all my homework , I could go out on aSaturday night. But I think my grandparents were a lot stricter with my parents than that.”  Maybe this positive view of family life should not be unexpected. It is possible thatthe idea of teenage rebellion is not rooted in real facts. A researcher comments (评论), “Oursurprise that teenagers say they get along well with their parents comes because of a briefperiod in our social history when teenagers were regarded as different beings. But that idea ofrebelling and breaking away from their parents really only happened during that one time in the1960s when everyone rebelled. The normal situation throughout history has been a smoothchange from helping out with the family business to taking it over. ”11. What is the popular image of the teenagers in the past?A. They worried about school. B. They disliked living with their parents.C. They had to be locked in to avoid troubles. D. They quarrelled a lot with other family members.答案:D解析:第一段最后一句话意思。12. The study shows that teenagers don’t want to __________.  A. share family responsibility B. cause trouble in their familiesC. go boating with their family D. make family decisions答案:B解析:第二段表明了这种观点。13. Compared with parents of 30 years ago, today’s parents _________.A. go to clubs more often with their children B. are much stricter with their childrenC. care less about their children’s life D. give their children more freedom答案:D解析:第二段表明了这种观点。14. According to the writer,teenage rebellion __________.A. may be a false belief B. is common nowadays第 4 页 (共 9 页) C. existed only in the 1960s D. resulted from changes in families答案:A解析:末段第二句表明此意。15. What is the passage mainly about?A. Negotiation in family. B. Education in family.C. Harmony in family. D. Teenage trouble in family.答案:C解析:问主题,家庭和睦最合适。Passage 3Hair loss is one of those things we still do not understand. Science has, of course, shownthat men are more likely than women to suffer major hair loss. Some kinds of hair loss aretemporary (暂时的), an effect of illness. In those cases we can expect the hair to grow back.It all depends on whether the hair root is alive. If it is not, hair loss is permanent andnothing will help.Some daily loss of hair is normal, healthy sign. Most people lose between 40-50 scalphairs each day.Each of these scalp hairs grows for from two to six years and then rests. About threemonths later it is pushed out by a new hair growing from the same root.This is not something that should cause great concern.Something else we know is that normal hair loss is seasonal, with the most hair lossoccurring in the fall. Everyone experiences a normal cycle of loss and growth.The problem of hair loss results when loss is greater than growth.The main cause of hair loss in men seems to be accumulation (积累) of a hormone (荷尔蒙 ) in the body. When that hormone reaches a certain level, the hair growing period isshortened and hair loss is the result. There is no cure for most cases of hair loss. This, however,is not the end of the world.16. According to science, ______. A. hair loss is a normal, healthy sign B. man should pay special attention to hair loss C. it's likely that men have more problems of hair lossD. men lose more hair than women do答案:C解析:第一段第一句意思。17. The writer thinks ______. A. illness causes hair loss B. human beings have no way to cure hair loss C. hair loss happening in the fall is an effect of illnessD. hair loss is permanent第 5 页 (共 9 页) 答案:B解析:末段倒数第二句意思。18. We now know that the most hair loss happening in the autumn is ______. A. permanent B. healthy signC. seasonal D. nothing serious答案:C解析:第六段意思。19. The sentence "This, however, is not the end of the world" means ______. A. man is sure to find the best way of curing his hair loss in the future B. the writer believes the earth exists for ever C. we can't destroy the world by any meansD. the last day will never come to our people答案:A解析:并非字面意思。引申为没什么大不了或人迟早会找到解决办法。20. The best title for the passage may be ______. A. Loss or Growth B. Hair LossC. Healthy Sign D. Change with Seasons答案:B解析:掉头发作为题目最合适。III. 词汇与结构(每题 1 分,共 20 分)此部分共有 20 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。21. There are thirty in our school.A. women teachers B. teacher womenC. woman teachers D. women teacher答案:A解析:名词修饰名词时复数都要加 s。22. This new kind can do half the work.A. of tractor B. tractor C. of a tractor D. a tractor答案:A解析:表种类,kind 后有 of, 但其后名词前不能有 a。23. Why don’t you put the meat in the fridge? It will fresh for several days.A. be stayed B. stay C. be staying D. have stayed答案:B解析:stay 此处为系动词,无进行时。24. The story very interesting. A. sound B. is sounded C. sounds D. is sounding答案:C第 6 页 (共 9 页) 解析:此处为系动词,单数加 s。25. A computer can only do ______ you have instructed it to do.A. how B. after C. what D. When答案:C解析:此处 what 引导宾语从句。26. I shall never forget those years ______I lived in the country with the farmers, ______ has agreat effect on my life. A. that; which B. when; which C. which; that D. when; who答案:B解析:关系副词 when 表时间,which 引导非限定性定语从句。27. We won’t give up _______ we should fail ten times.A. even if B. since C. whether D. until 答案:A解析:逻辑关系。Even if 即使。28. — Do you remember ______ he came?— Yes, I do. He came by car.A. how B. when C. that D. If答案:A解析:问来时乘坐什么交通工具。29. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, _____ was very reasonable.A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose答案:B解析:考定语从句。30. Would you like to have a break ______ shall we go on with the work?A. and B. then C. therefore D. or答案:D解析:or 引导选择疑问句。31. The computer is in bad condition I can’t work with it. A. so, that B. such, that C. too, that D. such a, that答案:B解析:such 为形容词修饰名词,in good or bad condition 不用冠词。32. Those oranges taste .A. good B. well C. to be good D. to be well答案:A解析:此处 taste 为系动词,后跟形容词作表语。33. The dinner took two hours, and everyone was . A. full, fully B. fully, full C. full, full D. fully, fully 答案:B第 7 页 (共 9 页) 解析:34. Try to have a real _____ of the course. Having it on your record doesn’t mean much. A. understanding B. understand C. knowing D. Know答案:A解析:35. To be honest with yourself is to ______ yourself. A. look B. do C. refuse D. Respect答案:D解析:根据上下文意思,只能选尊重自己。36. People often end their letters with “Yours _____.” A. truly B. true C. very D. Real答案:A解析:英语书信落款习惯用语。37. Mary, please show ________ your picture.A. my B. mine C. I D. me答案:D解析:只能用宾格。38. Would you like to go ______ a drink?A. for B. to C. on D. In答案:A解析:固定搭配。39. What did she do on vacation? _________.A. She goes to the mountains B. She visited her uncleC. She is studying for exams D. She didn’t like playing tennis答案:B解析:一者必须用过去式,二者切合上下文。40. Are you working at the moment? _______.A. Yes, I work. B. No, I'm not. C. Yes, I'm. D. No, I are.答案:A解析:问是否目前工作。一般现在时可以表达此意。IV. 英汉互译(每题 4 分,共 20 分) 41. Friendship is a feeling of comfort and safety with a person.第 8 页 (共 9 页) 答案:友谊就是和一个人在一起时的舒适感和安全感。 42. To experience what friendship is, one must have true friends.答案: 要体会友谊就必须拥有真正的朋友。 43. 人们对有意的定义不尽相同。(definition)答案: Different people have different definitions of friendship. 44. 友谊开始之时便是社交开始之际。(socialize)答案:44. When friendship starts, one stars socializing. 45. 拥有一个真正的朋友就好比拥有一件无价之宝。(a priceless treasure)答案: A person who has found a real friend has found a priceless treasure.. Ⅴ 作文(20 分)要求在 30 分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于 80 词的短文。My Hometown1. 我的家乡的基本情况; 2. 我的家乡今昔对比; 3. 我爱我的家乡的发展趋势;答案:略第 9 页 (共 9 页)
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