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【巩固练习】 I.真题演练。【2012 甘肃兰州】1. —Who is ________ man in a black hat? —It’s Jim Brown. We often play ________ basketball together in our free time.A. an; a B. a; / C. the; a D. the; /2. —Are these books ________? —No, they are not mine. They belong to ________. A. your; her B. yours; her C. you; hers D. yours; she3. —All the workers went home yesterday ________ Mr. White. Why? —Because he was on duty. A. except B. besides C. except for D. beside4. Now, everyone, please turn to Page ________ and look at the ________ picture. A. Twelve; fifth B. Twelfth; fifth C. Twelve; five D. Twelfth; five5. —I prefer sports shows ________ soap operas. What about you? —Me, too. A. at B. than C. to D. of【2012 广东省】1. Ben was busy taking a training class, ______we had to wait for him for half an hour. A. so B. if C. or D. but2. —________ I swim here?—I’m sorry. Children _______ swim alone here. A. Must, can’t B. May, must C. Can, mustn’t D. Can’t, can3. Hot water_____ in the students’ flats from 5 pm to 7 pm now.A. supplies B. is supplied C. supplied D. was supplied4. If our government _____attention to controlling food safety now, our health _____indanger.A. won’t pay, is B. doesn’t pay, is C. won’t pay, will be D. doesn’t pay, will be5. — Both Li Lei and Han Meimei _______ fond of the TV program A Bite of China. — I am also deeply moved by its stories. A. is B. am C. was D. are【2012 上海市】1. Jenny told me that she ________ an English Speech Contest the next month. A. takes part in B. is taking part in C. took part in D. would take part in2. ________ wonderful concert they are putting on in the city square! A. How B. What C. What a D. What an3. I'm sure that stricter roles to control cigarette smoking ________ very soon. A. made B. will make C. were made D. will be made4. —Shall we join in the Green World Summer Camp? —________ A. Good idea. B. You're welcome.  C. Not at all. D. Never mind.5. —Congratulations! You've got a chance to be an exchange student! —________ A. Thank you. B. I agree. C. Of course. D. Good luck.II.单选综合。1. —What are you going to give your mother for her birthday?—I’m not sure. But I’ll buy her___________. A. something special B. special anything C. anything special  D. special something2. Could you tell me _______? I want to post a letter. A. where is the post office B. where the post office isC. how can I get to the cinema  D. how I can get to the cinema3. —Must I go and do it now? —No, you_____. We still have two more days. A. shouldn’t B. Can’t C. needn’t D. won’t4. Kate’s never late for school, __________? A. isn’t she B. hasn’t she C. is she D. has she5. —Would you like some juice or milk? —______ is OK. I don’t mind. A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. All6. Don’t forget to _______ the lights when you leave the room. A. turn on B. turn down C. turn up D. turn off7. — _____ will your father come back? — In a week. A. How far B. How soon C. How long D. How often 8. —Let’s go fishing if it _____ this weekend. —But nobody knows if it _____. A. is fine, will rain B. will be fine, rains C. is fine, rains D. will be fine, will rain 9. There are three _____ assistants in that_______ shop. A. women, shoe B. woman, shoe C. woman, shoes D. women, shoes10. _____ you work, _____ knowledge you’ll get. A. The harder, more B. The harder, the more C. Harder, the more D. Harder, more11. —When do you go shopping?—I usually go shopping ____ Sunday morning.A. on B. in C. at D. for12. Which sign can you probably see beside a deep river?A. B. C. D. 13. ______ long the bridge is! Let me drive you over it.A. What B. What a  C. How D. How a14. Study hard, ________ you are sure to have a good result in the exam.A or B. and C. for D. but15. The flowers________ every day, or they’ll die.A. must water B. can be watered C. should water D. must be watered16. Father is busy _____ the meal while I am busy ______ the homework.A. cooking; with B. to cook; with C. to cook; doing D. with; to do17. — What’s the weather like today?— It’s ______. What a lovely day! Let’s go to climb hills.A. B. C. D. 18. We are often told ______ at people who are in trouble. A. not to smile B. to smile C. not to laugh D. to laugh19. Remember not to speak _______ when we in the reading room.A. fast B. slowly C. politely D. loudly20. In recent years, many children are made ______what they are not______.A. to do; interested in B. to do; interestedC. do; interested D. do; interested in【答案与解析】I.真题演练。【2012 甘肃兰州】1. D。本题考查冠词的用法。根据“in a black hat”可知,man 是特指,应该使用定冠词 the;表示“打篮球”时应用 play basketball,不用冠词,故选 D。2. B。本题考查代词的用法。根据“这些书是你的吗”可知,第一空用名词性物主代词 yours;belong to 的意思是“属于”,to 是介词,后面用宾格 her,故选 B。 3. A。本题考查介词的用法。except 的意思是“除了……”,不包括;besides 的意思是“除了……”,包括其中;except for 表示“整体中除了局部”;beside 的意思是“在……旁边”。根据答语“因为他在值班”可知,此处表示“昨天除了怀特先生之外,所有的工人都回家了”,故选 A。 4. A。本题考查数词的表达法。句意为:现在请大家翻到第 12 页,看第 5 幅图片。表示“第 12页”应用 the twelfth page 或 Page Twelve;表示“第 5 幅图片”应用 the fifth picture 或 PictureFive,故选 A。 5. C。本题考查介词的用法。句意为:我喜欢体育节目胜过肥皂剧。prefer…to…的意思是“更喜欢……”,为固定搭配,故选 C。 【2012 广东省】1. A。本题考查连接词的用法。so 表示因果关系;if 的意思是“是否,如果”;or 表示选择关系;but 表示转折关系。根据句意“Ben 正在忙着上训练课”和“我们不得不等他半小时”可知,两者之间存在因果关系。故选 A。 2. C。本题考查情态动词的用法。句意为:—我可以在这儿游泳吗?—对不起。孩子们禁止在此独自游泳。mustn’t 的意思是“禁止”;can 的意思是“能够,可以”。故选 C。3.B。本题考查动词的时态和语态。根据句末的 now 可知,此句时态为一般现在时,排除 C、D 两项;又因为 hot water 与 supply 之间存在被动关系,所以此处应用一般现在时的被动语态,故选 B。4. D。本题考查 if 引导的条件状语从句的用法。句意为:如果我们的政府现在不注重食品的安全,我们的健康将会受到威胁。if 引导的条件状语从句,从句中用一般现在时表示将来,而主句使用一般将来时。故选 D。5.D。本题考查主谓一致。Both Li Lei and Han Meimei 是句子的主语,谓语动词应使用复数形式。故选 D。【2012 上海市】1.D。本题考查动词时态。由前半句的 told 可知要用过去时态,排除 A、B 两项;再由 the next month 确定应用过去将来时,故选 D。2.C。本题考查感叹句。中心词 concert 是名词,故用 what 引导;concert 是单数可数名词,其前应用不定冠词 a 或 an,wonderful 的读音是以辅音音素开头的,其前用 a。故选 C。 3.D。本题考查动词时态和语态。主语 stricter rules 是动作 make 的承受者,所以要用被动语态,排除 A、B 两项。再由 soon 确定用一般将来时,故选 D。4. A。本题考查交际用语。Shall we…表示建议,答语 Good idea 意为“好主意”,符合语境,故选 A。 5. A。本题考查交际用语。对别人的祝贺要表示感谢,故选 A。II.单选综合。1. A。本题考查不定代词的用法,修饰不定代词的形容词要放在不定代词的后面,由句意可知 A表示“特殊的东西”。2. B。本题考查宾语从句的用法。特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句用陈述语序。从后面的句子可知是询问邮局在哪里,所以选 B。 3. C。本题考查情态动词的用法。以情态动词 must 开头的一般疑问句,其否定回答是用“No, youneedn’t.” 所以选择 C。4. C。本题考查反意疑问句的用法。前面的句子用否定句,后面的附加疑问句用肯定句,前面的句子用 never 表示否定,所以后面用 is she 来反问。5. A。从对话后面的回答 I don’t mind 可以判断是对前面的句子所提供的两种饮料哪一种都可以,所以选择 either 表示两者中任何一个都可以。6. D。本题考查动词短语的用法,从句意理解“当你离开教室的时候,不要忘记关灯”,所以用动词短语 turn off 表示关灯的意思。7. B。从对话的答语可以判断前面的句子是询问“多久”,how long 表示“多长时间”;how soon 表示“还要多久”,用在一般将来时中。8. A。本题考查宾语从句和条件状语从句的用法。if 引导的条件状语从句用一般现在时表示将来的意义,而 if 在宾语从句中,意思是“是否”。所以选择 A。9. A。本题考查可数名词的复数的用法,“女营业员”的复数要用 women assistants,鞋店用shoe shop,其中的名词 shoe 用单数形式。名词作定语时一般用单数,只有 man 和 woman 等少数几个词作定语时,所修饰词变成复数,man 和 woman 等也变成复数。10. B。本题考查形容词比较级的叠加的用法,表示“越怎么样,就会越怎么样”的意思,结构是the+比较级+其他,the +比较级+句子。11. A。本题考查介词的用法。表示在具体某一天的早上用介词 on。12. D。本题考查图示理解。D 表示“不能在此游泳”的意思,这个图示可能在河边看到,所以选择 D。A:禁止烟火; B:自行车禁止下坡;C:禁止吸烟。13. C。本题考查感叹句的用法。此句的 the bridge 作主语,前面有形容词 long,所以用句型 How+形容词+主语+谓语!14. B。从句子的前后意思和情景可以判断不是转折,也不是选择,所以用 and 表示递进的意思。即“努力学习,你当然会取得好的成绩”的意思。15. D。本题考查含有情态动词的被动语态的用法,从句子的意思理解是“这些花必须浇水”的意思。所以选择 D。16. A。本题考查 be busy 的用法,一般用 be busy with something 或者 be busy doing something 表示忙于某事,因此选 A。17. B。从对话回答句子“多么好的天气。我们去爬山”可以判断天气是晴朗的,所以选择图画B。18. C。句意:不应嘲笑处于困境的人,laugh at 意思为“嘲笑”,smile at 意思是“向某人微笑”,所以选 C。19. D。此题考查副词的词义和对句子的理解。句意:记住在阅览室不要大声说话。应选 D。20. A。在被动语态中原来省略的 to 要加上,所以是 be made to do something,后面用 be interested in 表示“对……感兴趣”,in 的宾语是 what,不能去掉。句意是:近年来,许多孩子不得不做他们不感兴趣的事。
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