西电英语(一)上模拟考试四答案

发布时间:2023-12-29 09:12:56浏览次数:12
学习中心/函授站 姓 名 学 号 西安电子科技大学网络与继续教育学院学年上学期《英语(一)(上)》期末考试试题(闭卷 90 分钟)题号Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ总分题分10 30 20 20 20得分注:将所有试题答到答题纸上,选择题把所选字母涂黑,否则无效。I. 交际与对话(每题 2 分,共 10 分)此部分共有 5 个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。1. ___. I wonder if you could tell me the way to the railway station. A. Pardon B. Pardon me C. Thank you D. OK答案:B解析:习惯表达法。相当于 excuse me。而 pardon 表示要别人重复。2. ______. Can you tell me where the nearest bus stop is?A. Sure B. Certainly C. Nice D. Excuse me答案:D解析:英语习惯表达法,请求别人帮忙时说。3. —Great. Let me introduce you to my mew classmate Helen. Helen, this is my friend Mike. —_______________.第 1 页 (共 9 页) A. Good B. Fine C. Glad to meet you. D. It’s my pleasure答案:C解析:初次见面英语表达法。4. —Hi, Jack. _________________ after your graduation? —I dream to be a photographer.A. What do you want to do B. What do you want to have C. What does he want to do D. What does he want to have答案:A解析:问对方毕业后干什么。5. —________________?—I want to be a scientist and it’s also my childhood dream.A. What’s your present job B. What’re you doing now C. What is your hobby D. What’s your dream for the future答案:D解析:根据答语推断,问对方未来的梦想。II. 阅读理解(每题 2 分,共 30 分)此部分共有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 个问题。请从每个问题后的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。Passage 1College is a new and different experience for me. I'm away from home, so I have manythings to adjust to, such as being on my own and meeting many different types of people. Thereare a lot of things that I like about college that I would like to describe for you.First of all, living at college gives me a sense of responsibility and of being on my own. Myparents aren't around to say, "No, you're not going out tonight," or "Did you finish yourhomework?" Everything I do has to be my decision, and that makes me responsible for my ownlife. During the second week I was at college, I had to go out and look for a bank where I couldopen an account. And when I got to the bank, I had to decide whether to have a checking orsavings account and whether or not to get a credit card. Decisions! Decisions!Friendly people are another thing I like about college. On the first day I came to MarymountUniversity here in Virginia from New York, I was a bit confused about where I was going. Mymother and I drove in. We did not know the building we were supposed to go to, but the guardwas very nice. With a smile, he told us what building we were looking for and where we couldpark our car. My room was on the first floor of New Gerard, and I knew I had to go throughsome glass doors, but my mother and I didn't know which ones. Some students saw me and第 2 页 (共 9 页) asked, "Are you a new student?" When they found out I was looking for New Gerard, one said,"Oh, just follow us; that's where we're going." Even now I feel comfortable in the dormbecause there are friendly people around to talk with. I do like a lot of things about college, but that doesn't mean I don't think about things athome. Although I like college, I can still get homesick. New York is a very good place, too!And sometimes I miss it!6. The text is perhaps written by ________.A. a new student C. a foreign reporterB. a new teacher D. a foreign visitor答案:A解析:从第一段推测出来。7. What does "gives me a sense of responsibility" in the first sentence of Paragraph 2 mean?It means it makes me feel ________.A. responsible for my parents. C. responsible for the school. B. responsible for my teacher. D. responsible for myself.答案:D解析:应该是“为自己负责”符合上下文。8. One thing that he liked was ________.A. the comfortable dorm B. finding his way around C. his studies as a first year student D. the friendly people答案:D解析:第三段表明此意。9. What is New Gerard?A. It's a student's name. B. It's a teacher's name.C. It's a dorm's name. D. It's a school's name.答案:C解析:第三段表明此意。10. Which of the following is NOT true?A. People in Marymount University are friendly.B. The writer likes the new experience in the university.C. The writer drove to Marymount University with his mother.D. The writer is not homesick.答案:D解析:最后一段表明此意。Passage 2The most important holiday in spring , especially for Christians ( 基督徒), is Easter.第 3 页 (共 9 页) This Christian holiday is not on the same date every year, but it’s always on a Sunday. It canbe any Sunday between March 22 and April 25. Many people celebrate Easter by buying newclothes. Children celebrate by hunting for colored eggs that their parents have hidden aroundthe house. People also give Easter baskets filled with candy and other goodies to one another tocelebrate the day.But the holiday is more than new clothes and good things to eat. On Easter , many peoplego to church to celebrate Jesus’ resurrection (复活) from the dead.Most people color them. Some people hide them. Others just eat them. But no matter whatone does with Easter eggs , they are an important Easter tradition throughout the Westernworld.People from many different cultures celebrate Easter. In both America and Belgium ,children look for Easter eggs hidden on lawns and in bushes. In America, children believe theeggs are hidden by the Easter bunny ( 复活节兔子)。 But in Belgium, the hidden eggs aresupposed to have fallen from church bells. In Bulgaria, red Easter eggs are lucky in churches;Bulgarian families also hit these Easter eggs together to see whose is the strongest. The winnerlooks forward to good fortune that year. Still dozens of other Easter traditions exist. In parts ofAustria, for example, children sing from door to door and are rewarded with colorful eggs.11. Easter comes _______.A. on the same date every year B. on Sunday on March 22C. on Sunday on April 25 D. on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25答案:D解析:第一段表明此意。12. To celebrate Easter, people ___________.A. go shopping, hide colored eggs and children hunt for themB. give Easter baskets filled candy and goodies to one anotherC. buy new clothes,hide colored eggs and children look for them around the houseD. both B and C答案:D解析:BC 都对,第一段表明此意。13. For Christians the more important thing to do on Easter is________.A. buying new clothes B. going to church to celebrate Jesus’ resurrectionC. eating delicious food and paint color eggs D. exchange beautiful gifts each other答案:B解析:第二段表明此意。第 4 页 (共 9 页) 14. People from different cultures have different ideas about Easter egg. ____.A. In both American and Belgium , children hunt for Easter eggs hidden in rooms and inbushesB. In American, children believe the eggs are hidden by the Easter bunnyC. In Belgium, the hidden eggs are thought to have fallen from doorbellsD. In America, the hidden eggs are supposed to have fallen from doorbells答案:B解析:第 4 段表明此意。15. In some places of Austria, children sing from door to door for_______.A. blesses B. Easter eggs C. candy and goodies D. Easter bunny答案:B解析:最后一段最后一句话表明此意。Passage 3It was a winter morning , just a couple of weeks before Christmas 2005. While mostpeople were warming up their cars, Trevor, my husband, had to get up early to ride hisbike four kilometers away from home to work. On arrival, he parked his bike outside the backdoor as he usually does. After putting in 10 hours of labor, he returned to find his bike gone.The bike , a black Kona 18 speed , was our only transport. Trevor used it to get towork, putting in 60-hour weeks to support his young family. And the bike was also used toget groceries (食品杂货), saving us from having to walk along long distances from where welive.I was so sad that someone would steal our bike that I wrote to the newspaper and toldthem our story. Shortly after that, several people in our area offered to help. One wonderfulstranger even bought a bike, then called my husband to pick it up. Once again my husbandhad a way to get to and from his job. It really is an honor that a complete stranger would go outof their way for someone they have never met before.People say that a smile can be passed from one person to another , but acts of kindnessfrom strangers are even more so. This experience has had a spreading effect in our livesbecause it strengthened our faith in humanity (人性) as a whole. And it has influenced us to bemore mindful of ways we, too, can share with others. No matter how big or how small, anact of kindness shows that someone cares. And the results can be everlasting.16. Why was the bike so important to the couple?A. They used it for work and daily life. B. It was their only possession (财产).C. It was a nice Kona 18 speed. D. The man‘s job was bike racing.第 5 页 (共 9 页) 答案:A解析:第一段表明此意。17. We can infer from the passage that __________.A. the couple worked 60 hours a week B. people were busy before ChristmasC. the stranger brought over the bike D. life was hard for the young family答案:D解析:自行车是唯一交通工具,推测他家比较穷。18. How did people get to know the couple’s problem?A. From a stranger. B. From a newspaper.C. From TV news D. From radio broadcasts.答案:B解析:第 3 段第一句表明此意。19. What do the couple learn from their experience?A. Strangers are usually of little help.  B. One should take care of their bike.C. News reports make people famous.  D. An act of kindness can mean a lot.答案:D解析:最后一段表明此意。20. From this story, we can see humanity is __________.A. selfish B. commercial C. kind  D. cold-hearted答案:C解析:人心是善良的,这是本文的主题。III. 词汇与结构(每题 1 分,共 20 分)此部分共有 20 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。21. — Have you ever visited the Great Wall in Beijing? — Oh, yes, .A. dozens of times B. a dozen of time C. dozens of time D. a dozen time答案:A解析:dozens of 后名词用复数,a dozen 后名词也用复数。22. He was about to tell me the news ____ someone patted him on the shoulder.A. as B. until C. while D. when第 6 页 (共 9 页) 答案:D解析:用连词 when 表时间,有“突然”意思。23. What is learned in books can not have the same deep effect on a child’s character ______ islearned through experience?A. what B. as C. as what D. when what 答案:C解析:一是搭配 the same…as,二者要用连词 what。24. — Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?— Yes, I gave it to her _____ I saw her.A. while B. immediately C. once D. suddenly答案:A解析:要用表时间连词。25. I got to school 7:30 every morning.A. on B. at C. in D. for 答案:B解析:用 at 表钟点。 26. He wrote the letter ink.A. by B. with C. in D. on答案:C解析:习惯用语,类似 in English。27. I have searched all the book stores in this town. The book you asked for is not ____.A. tedious B. vivid C. available D. sufficient答案:C解析:available 表示“有货,存在”。28. A railway ticket should indicate the place of departure as the ___of the trip.A. arrival B. image C. destination D. sequence答案:C解析:根据上下文意思,要用“目的地”。29. In some restaurants, food and service are worse than used to be.A. they B. it C. them D. that答案:A解析:代词主格代替前面复数名词。30. Children can usually dress by the age of five.A. him B. them C. himself D. themselves答案:D解析:用反身代词表示“自己穿衣服”。第 7 页 (共 9 页) 31. Every few months I look at the list and decide what to focus ______next.A. in B. about C. on D. Out答案:C解析:动词固定搭配。32. Start the day off with a cup of hot water and a cup of fresh _____ lemon juice. A. squeeze B. squeezed C. squeezing D. to squeeze答案:B解析:用过去分词表示被动。33. Most Americans still live in "single-family _______," that is, houses which usually have a front and backyard.A. dwellings B. dwell C. to dwell D. dwelled答案:A解析:复数表示住所。34. He knows that sound, satisfying sleep will be his: the just ______ for all true travelers.A. award B. prize C. ward D. reward答案:D解析:根据上下文,要用“奖赏”意符合逻辑。35. The young couple's simple wedding ________ took place in an ancient castle in northEngland. A. annual B. favorite C. damage D. ceremony 答案:D解析:固定搭配。 36. He went to the University of Oxford and ______ a degree in physics. A. receive B. receives C. received D. receiving答案:C解析:必须用过去式。37. John _______ Paul into writing this paper for him. A. black-mailed B. dated C. resisted D. reversed答案:A解析:一是语法搭配,二者是上下文意思。38. Merely standing in waist-high water is good for you, thanks ______the action of the water. A. of B. to C. for D. at答案:A解析:固定搭配,意思“多亏了或由于”。39. I don't want to ______ my youthful happiness simply to save money. A. sacrifice B. shuttle C. exhaust D. represent 答案:A第 8 页 (共 9 页) 解析:根据上下文意思,要用“牺牲”意思。 40. Sometimes she ______ in the library, but now she ______ TV.A. reads, watches B. reads, watching C. is reading, is watching D. reads, is watching答案:D解析:根据英语时态,前面一般现在时,后面现在进行时。IV. 英汉互译(每题 4 分,共 20 分)41. After the strong wind, there was a layer of dust on the desk.答案:大风过后,桌上有一层土。 42. Prices are stable and people are confident of the market.答案:价格稳定,人们对市场充满信心。 43. 最好每个人都有一张地图。(advisable)答案:It’s advisable that everyone should have a map. 44. 他的话让全家人都惊呆了。(entire)答案:His words shocked the entire family. 45. 这个产品在不同商店的价格不一样。(variation)答案:For this product, there is variation of price from store to store.V. 作文(20 分)要求在 30 分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于 80 词的短文。On Health1. 健康的定义;2. 身心健康的重要性;3. 怎样保持身心健康;答案:略第 9 页 (共 9 页)
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