南开《大学英1》第二章复习资料

发布时间:2024-01-15 11:01:53浏览次数:7
《大学英 1》第二章 FAQ实义动词、连系动词、情态动词和助动词的区别是什么?动词从其含义来分,有实义动词(noonal verb),连系动词(1ink verb),情态动词(modal verb)和助动词(auxiliary verb)四类。 1. 实义动词 实义动词有完全的词义,并能独立作谓语动词。 如:The sun shone brightly this morning.今天早晨阳光灿烂。 He likes to go for a long walk on sundays.他喜欢星期日出去作长距离散步。 We have a big TV set in the club.我们俱乐部有台大电视机。 2. 连系动词 连系动词在句中作谓语动词,后面跟表语。英语连系动词有 be(是),seem(似乎),look(看来),keep(保持),become(变成),get(变得),grow(变得),feel(感到),turn(变得,变成),appear(显得),remain(仍旧是)等。如: It is never too late to mend.改过不嫌晚。 It was a close game.那场球赛比分很接近。 The children in this nursery look very healthy.这个托儿所的孩子看起来都非常健康。 Keep quiet,please!请安静!, The tape recorder seems all right.这台录音机好像没有毛病。 Later he became a doctor.他后来成为一名医生。 The problem remained unsolved unl last year.问题到去年才解决。 [注一]下面句子中的 come 和 go 也是连系动词。如: The old man's dream has come true.这位老人的梦想实现了。 Something has gone wrong with the truck.卡车出毛病了。 [注二]有些连系动词如 seem, appear 等后面常跟 to be。如: The new text seens to be easy,but actually it is rather di0cult.这篇新课文好像很容易,其实相当难。 She appears to be the girl's sister.她似乎是那女孩的姐姐。 3. 情态动词 情态动词有 can (能),may (可以,也许),must(必须)等及其过去式 could,might 等,表示能力、义务、必要、猜测等说话人的语气或情态。情态动词只能和主要动词一起构成谓语动词。情态动词数量不多,但用途广泛,主要有下列: can (could), may (might), must, need, ought to, dare (dared), shall (should), will (would) . We can be there on me tomorrow. 我们明天能按时去那儿。 May I have your name? 我能知道你的名字吗? Shall we begin now? 我们现在就开始吗?情态动词的位置: 情态动词在句中放在谓语动词之前, 谓语动词前若有助动词,则在助动词之前,疑问句中, 情态动词则在主语之前。 I can see you. Come here. 我能看见你,过来吧。 He must have been away. 他一定走了。 What can I do for you? 你要什么? How dare you treat us like that! 你怎能那样对待我们!4. 助动词 助动词有 shall,will,have,be,should,would, do 等。它们只能和主要动词一起构成各种时态、语态、语气等动词形式,以及否定和疑问等结构中的谓语动词。
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